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NEET 2020 Syllabus for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

For giving your best shot at the examination, you need to go thorough the NEET syllabus. NEET 2020 is the National level medical entrance exam conducted for admission in top medical and dental colleges in India. NEET Syllabus for 2020 exam has been announced and is the same as 2019. According to NTA, it dismissed the claim of bringing any changes in the NEET 2020 syllabus.

Check Preparation Tips for NEET 2020

NEET 2020 syllabus covers concepts from class 11 and 12 as prescribed by MCI (Medical Council of India) and DCI (Dental Council of India). Specifically, NEET syllabus consists of three subjects i.e. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Zoology and Botany). Consequently, the aspirats are advised to go through the NEET 2020 Zoology syllabus and NEET 2020 Botany syllabus.

NTA has postponed NEET 2020 exam due to Corona outbreak and will be scheduled on 26th July. Hence, the aspirants will have 2 months time left to appear for the exam. To get a high score and to secure the name in the top position of the merit list, the aspirants are advised to keep checking the essential topics during their preparation accordingly.

Check: NEET 2020 Exam Pattern

NEET Syllabus 2020

The NEET Syllabus is made as per the curriculum of NCERT books. Specifically, class XI and XII NCERT books play a vital role to clear major concepts and topics. Now, the mentioned table shows the detailed marking scheme of every subject.

Examination National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET)
NEET Syllabus Issuing Authority National Testing Agency
Physics 45 questions
Chemistry 45 questions
Biology 45 questions from Botany Section and 45 questions for Zoology Section

Read: Why NCERT Books are Important for NEET Exam?

NEET 2020 Section Wise Syllabus

NEET 2020 Syllabus

The medical exam conducted by NTA to measure the excellence of the candidates in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. For instance, go through the topic wise syllabus, described by Medical Council of India (MCI).

NEET Syllabus 2020: Physics

This section contains a total 19 chapters, among them 10 are from the class XI syllabus and 9 are from the class XII syllabus. Following are the chapters of Physics from which questions are asked in NEET exam.

Chapters from Class XI Chapters from Class XII
Physical world and measurement Electrostatics
Kinematics Current Electricity
Laws of Motion Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Work, Energy and Power Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body Electromagnetic Waves
Gravitation Optics
Properties of Bulk Matter Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Thermodynamics Atoms and Nuclei
Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory Electronic Devices
Oscillations and Waves

Detailed NEET Physics Syllabus of Class XI

Since, NEET UG exam is the only entrance test of taking admission for the MBBS/BDS coursework, therefore, the difficulty level of the questions will be reduced. Nonetheless, for securing the top-tier ranking in the merit list, the candidates should prepare themselves properly along with the utmost dedication level.

NEET Physics Syllabus is considered as the toughest part among the three papers. To know more about the basic fundamental concept of the whole NEET 2020 Physics syllabus, the aspirants are required to follow the below mentioned content of NCERT book subsequently.

Unit 1: Physical World and Measurement

  • Nature of Physical law, Physics: Scope and excitement; Physis, technology and society.
  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and the applications.
  • Importance of measurement: Systems of Units, Units of measurement, SI units, derived and fundamental units. Accuracy and precision of measuring the instruments, time, length and mass measurements, errors measurements and significant figures.

Unit 2: law of Motion

  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces, laws of friction, lubrication, kinetic and static friction, rolling friction.
  • Centripetal force, Dynamics of uniform circular motion, instances of circular motion that is vehicle on banked road and vehicle on circular level road.
  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Newton’s first law of motion, Intuitive concept of force, Newton’s second law of motion, impulse, Newton’s third law of motion, Inertia.

Unit 3: Kinematics

  • Unit Vectors and resolution of a vector in plane-rectangular components.
  • Uniform and non-uniform motion, Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line, average speed and instantaneous velocity, Position-time graph, Uniformly accelerated motion, graphical treatment for uniformly accelerated motion, position time and velocity time graph.
  • Motion in a plane, Uniform circular motion, Scalar and Vector products of Vectors, Projectile motion that is cases of both the uniform velocity and acceleration.
  • Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, Real number multiplication of vectors, general vector and its notation, relative velocity, position and displacement of vectors, Equality of vectors, subtraction and addition of vectors.

Unit 4: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

  • Angular momentum, Moment of a force, conservation of angular momentum with some applications, torque.
  • Moment of inertia, equation of rotational motion, rigid body rotation, Compare the differences between rotational and linear motion, equilibrium of rigid bodies, radius of gyration. Statement of parallel, perpendicular axes theorems and the applications, to address the simple geometrical objects, values of M.I. (there is no derivation).
  • Centre of mass of a rigid body, center of mass motion, momentum conservation, center of mass uniform rod, Centre of mass of a two-particle system.

Unit 5: Work, Energy and Power

  • Conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies), elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions, potential energy of a spring, motion in a vertical circle, Notion of potential energy, conservative forces, non-conservative forces.
  • Kinetic energy, power, Work done by a constant force and variable force, work-energy theorem.

Unit 6: Properties of Bulk Matter

  • Surface energy and surface tension, application of surface tension ideas to drops, angle of contact, bubbles and capillary rise, excess of pressure, angle of contact.
  • Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, GreenHouse effect, thermal conductivity and heat transfer conduction, Wein’s displacement law, convection and radiation.
  • Stress-strain relationship, modulus of rigidity, Elastic behavior, Poisson’s ratio, Hooke’s law, elastic energy, bulk modulus, and Young’s modulus, shear.
  • Stefan’s law, Newton’s law of cooling.
  • Anomalous expansion, change of state-latent heat, thermal expansion, Heat and temperature, Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv-calorimetry, thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases.
  • Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications, Viscosity, Stokes’ law, streamline and turbulent flow, terminal velocity, Critical velocity, Reynold’s number.

Unit 7: Thermodynamics

  • First law of thermodynamics, Definition of temperature that is the concept of zeroth law of thermodynamics, thermal equilibrium, Isothermal and adiabatic processes, Heat, work and internal energy.
  • Second law of the thermodynamics that is Reversible and irreversible processes.
  • Heat engines and refrigerators.

Unit 8: Gravitation

  • Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, Gravitational potential energy, Geostationary satellites, gravitational potential.
  • The universal law of gravitation, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

Unit 9: Oscillations and Waves

  • Wave motion, Displacement relation for a progressive wave, fundamental mode and harmonics, Longitudinal and transverse waves, reflection of waves, Doppler Effect, Principle of superposition of waves, and reflection of waves, speed of wave motion, Beats.
  • Periodic functions, Periodic motion-period, Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation, its phase, frequency, energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies, forced and damped oscillations ( qualitative ideas only), Periodic functions, simple pendulum- derivation of expression for its time period,free, resonance.

UNIT 10: Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

  • Kinetic energy and temperature, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases, Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure, application to specific heat capacities of gases, degree of freedom, concept of gases,theory on mean free path.
  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, Work done on compressing a gas.

Detailed NEET Physics Syllabus of Class XII

Unit 1: Current Electricity

  • Kirchhoff’s laws and its simple applications, metre bridge and Wheatstone bridge.
  • Carbon resistors, temperature dependence of resistance, series and parallel combinations of resistors, color code for carbon resistors.
  • Measurement of internal resistance of a cell, Potentiometer theory and its application for estimating the probable distinction. In addition, to compare the emf of two cells.
  • Combination of cells, parallely and also in series, Internal resistance of cell, potential difference of the emf of a cell.
  • Ohm’s law, drift velocity and mobility, V-I characteristics (both linear and non-linear), electrical resistivity, Electric current, electrical conductivity, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, electrical power and energy.

Unit 2: Electrostatistics

  • Statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications for finding the field due to infinitely long straight wire, Electrical flux, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, uniformly charged thin spherical shell(field inside and outside)
  • Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor (with and without dielectric medium between the plates), Conductors and insulators, capacitors and capacitance. Combined capacitors both in case of series and parallel, Van de Graff generator, Dielectrics and electric polarization, bound charges and free charges inside a conductor, energy stored in a capacitor.
  • Electric field, electric dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field, electric field due to a point charge and due to a dipole, electric field lines.
  • Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, superposition principle, Electric charges and their conservation, forces between multiple charges, Constant charge distribution.
  • Electric potential due to a point charge, Electric potential, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges, electric potential energy of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces.

Unit 3: Alternating Currents and Electromagnetic Induction

  • LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), power in AC circuits, Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage, LCR series circuit, wattles current, resonance, reactance and impedance.
  • AC generator and transformer.
  • Faraday’s law, induced emf and current, Self and mutual inductance, Eddy currents, Lenz’s law, Electromagnetic induction.

Unit 4: Magnetic Effects of Magnetism and Current

  • Ampere’s law and its application for infinitely long straight wire, Cyclotron, Force on a moving charge in uniform electric and magnetic fields, toroidal and straight solenoids.
  • Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole( that is bar magnet) along with the axis and perpendicular to axis, Earth’s magnetic element and magnetic field, Torque on a magnetic dipole that is bar magnetic (it is in a uniform magnetic field), Current loop as a magnetic dipole, magnetic dipole moment of current loop, Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines.
  • Permanent magnets, Electromagnetic and the factors affect its strength.
  • Biot –Savart law and its application for carrying current in a circular loop, Concept of magnetic field, and Oersted’s experiment.
  • Ferro-magnetic, diamagnetic and paramagnetic substances. Read the examples.
  • Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field, Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Moving coil galvanometer as conversion and current sensitivity to voltmeter and ammeter, Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors, definition of ampere.

Unit 5: Optics

  • Scattering of light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset
  • Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism, tital internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula, Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Reflection of light.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarization, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
  • Correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses, Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation.
  • Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.

Unit 6: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
  • Need for displacement current
  • Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics ( qualitative ideas only)

Unit 7: Atoms And Nuclei

  • Mass-energy relation, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion. Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties decay law.
  • Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, isotones. Alpha-particle scattering experiments, Rutherford’s model of atom, Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.

Unit 8: Dual Nature Of Matter And Radiation

  • Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted, only conclusion should be explained). Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation.
  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.

Unit 9: Electronic Devices

  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor, transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator.
  • Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
  • Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode, Zener diode as a voltage regulator.

Click here for Detailed Physics Syllabus

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NEET Syllabus 2020: Chemistry

The Chemistry syllabus of NEET is quite broad and there are a total of 30 chapters. Among those, 14 chapters are from class XI syllabus and 16 chapters are from Class XII syllabus. Candidates also check the name of the chapters from which Chemistry questions are asked mostly in NEET exam.

Chapters from Class XI Chapters from Class XII
Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solid State
Structure of Atom Solutions
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties Electrochemistry
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Chemical Kinetics
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids Surface Chemistry
Thermodynamics General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Equilibrium p- Block Elements
Redox Reactions d and f Block Elements
Hydrogen Coordination Compounds
s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Some p-Block Elements Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Hydrocarbons Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Environmental Chemistry Biomolecules
Polymers
Chemistry in Everyday Life

Detailed NEET Chemistry Syllabus of Class XI

Unit 1: Structure of Atom

  • Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship
  • Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle
  • Atomic number, isotopes and isobars
  • Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.

Unit 2: Basic Fundamental Concepts of Chemistry

  • General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry
  • Atomic and molecular masses
  • Mole concept and molar mass; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula;
  • Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules, Laws of chemical combination.

Unit 3: Molecular Structure and Chemical Bonding

  • Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, resonance, geometry of molecules, valence bond theory.
  • VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only)
  • Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters
  • Hydrogen bond

Unit 4: Periodicity in Properties and Classification of Elements

  • Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, electronegativity, valence, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy.

Unit 5: Thermodynamics

  • Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity
  • First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation.
  • Brief introduction on Third law of thermodynamics.

Unit 6: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behavior, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature
  • Avogadro number, ideal gas equation
  • Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).
  • Role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behavior of gases
  • Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points
  • Empirical derivation of gas equation

Unit 7: Redox Reactions

  • Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number
  • Balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers

Unit 8: Equilibrium

  • Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)
  • Factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of PH.
  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant

Unit 9: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

  • Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses.
  • Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca and potassium
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group
  • Group I and group 2 elements: Diagonal relationship, trends in Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), biological importance of sodium

Unit 10: Hydrogen

  • Physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure
  • Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial

Unit 11: Some Basic Principles and Techniques on Organic Chemistry

  • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation
  • General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis
  • Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions
  • Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds

Unit 12: Some p-Block Elements

  • General Introduction to p-Block Elements
  • Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses
  • Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of the first element of the group; Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalis
  • General 14 elements: General introduction, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of the first element, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides

Unit 13: Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer
  • Greenhouse effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution

Unit 14: Hydrocarbons

  • Alkynes: Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water, physical properties, methods of preparation.
  • Alkanes: Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
  • Alkanes: Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.

Detailed NEET Chemistry Syllabus of Class XII

Unit 1: Solutions

  • Raoult’s law, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point, and osmotic pressure
  •  Van Hoff factor, Determination of molecular masses with the help of colligative properties abnormal molecular mass.
  • Types of solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids.

Unit 2: Solid State

  • Calculation of density of unit cell, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, packing efficiency, voids, point defects, packing in solids, electrical and magnetic properties
  • Band theory of metals, semiconductors and insulators
  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces; amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea) conductors, molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids,
  • Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices

Unit 3: Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), temperature, concentration,factors affecting rates of reaction; catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction
  • Activation energy, Arrhenious equation
  • Integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions);Rate law and specific rate constant, concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment)

Unit 4: Electrochemistry

  • Kohlrausch’s Law, , dry cell- electrolytic cells, electrolysis, Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), lead accumulator, Galvanic cells; EMF of a cell
  • Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell,Standard electrode potential, fuel cells; corrosion
  • Conductance in electrolytic solutions, Redox reactions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration

Unit 5: Processes of Isolation of Elements and General Principles

  • Principles and methods of extraction- oxidation, oxidation, concentration,reduction electrolytic method
  • Occurrence, copper, principles of extraction of aluminium, zinc and iron

Unit 6: Surface chemistry

  • Adsorption– Physisorption and chemisorption; catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids,enzyme catalysis
  • Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions
  • Colloidal state:colloids and suspensions; distinction between true solutions, lyophobic multimolecular,lyophilic and macromolecular colloids

Unit 7: p- Block Elements

  • Group 15 elements: Trends in physical and chemical properties;General introduction,occurrence, electronic configuration, oxidation states, compounds of phosphorus: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only); oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorus- allotropic forms, preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid.
  • Group 16 elements: Sulphur – allotropic forms; General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of sulphur: preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; ozone. sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of preparation, sulphur (structures only); dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; .
  • Group 17 elements: compounds of halogens: preparation,occurrence, electronic configuration, General introduction,oxidation states, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid,trends in physical and chemical properties; interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
  • Group 18 elements: electronic configuration, General introduction, trends in physical and chemical properties, occurrence, uses.

Unit 8: Coordination Compounds

  • Coordination compounds: Introduction, coordination number, ligands,magnetic properties, colour, and shapes
  • Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis as well as biological systems)
  • Isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds,Werner’s theory VBT,CFT

Unit 9: d and f Block Elements

  • Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
  • General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Actinoids: oxidation states,Electronic configuration, and comparison with lanthanoids.

Unit 10: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  • Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol; Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only);.
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties uses, methods of preparation, .

Unit 11: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloarenes: substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane,Nature of C-X bond, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT only).
  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, Optical rotation.

Unit 12: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • Cyanides and Isocyanides: will be mentioned at relevant places.
  • Amines: classification, structure, Nomenclature, methods of preparation, uses,identification of primary secondary amine,physical and chemical properties, and tertiary amine
  • Diazonium salts: chemical reactions, Preparation, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit 13: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Carboxylic Acids: acidic nature, Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties; methods of preparation, uses.
  • Aldehydes and Ketones: uses and Nomenclature, Mechanism of nucleophilic addition, nature of carbonyl group, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties.

Unit 14: Polymers

  • Classification: Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization.
  • Some important polymers: bakelite; natural and synthetic like polyesters, rubber, Biodegradable polymers, non-biodegradable polymers.

Unit 15: Biomolecules

  • Proteins:peptide bond, Elementary idea of – amino acids, proteins, polypeptides, primary structure, secondary structure, denaturation of proteins; tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), enzymes.
  • Hormones: Elementary idea (excluding structure).
  • Vitamins: Classification and function.
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA
  • Carbohydrates: monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), Classification (aldoses and ketoses), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance, D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose),.

Unit 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in food: artificial sweetening agents, preservatives, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing agents: soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
  • Chemicals in medicines: tranquilizers,analgesics, antifertility drugs, antiseptics, disinfectants, antibiotics, antimicrobials,antihistamines, antacids.

Click here for Detailed Chemistry Syllabus

NEET Syllabus 2020: Biology

Biology is no less important. However, the Biology syllabus is quite concise. Specifically, it consists of both Zoology and Botany and there are a total of 10 chapters. For instance, the Biology section contains a total 5 chapters from class XI and 5 from class XII. Following are these chapters:

Chapters from Class XI Chapters from Class XII
Diversity in Living World Reproduction
Structural Organization in Animals and Plants Genetics and Evolution
Cell Structure and Function Biology and Human Welfare
Plant Physiology Biotechnology and Its Applications
Human physiology Ecology and environment

Detailed NEET Biology Syllabus of Class XI

UNIT 1: Cell Structure and Function

  • Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, carbohydrates; B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance
  • Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; cilia, flagella, Cytoskeleton, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus
  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Plant cell and animal cell; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum

Unit 2: Diversity in Living World

  • What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; Taxonomy & Systematics; Three domains of life; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria; Binomial nomenclature; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy
  • Viruses and Viroids. Angiosperms- classification up to class, characteristic features and examples). Salient features and at least two examples). Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level
  • Botanical gardens, Salient features and classification of plants into major groups- Gymnosperms, Algae, Pteridophytes, Bryophytes,
  • Salient features and classification of Monera; Five kingdom classification; Lichens; Protista and Fungi into major groups

UNIT 3: Human Physiology

  • Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhoea
  • Excretory Products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Human excretory, ureotelism, Ammonotelism, uricotelism
  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of the blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure, Human circulatory system-Structure of Human heart and blood vessels; Composition of lymph and its function; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation
  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory system in humans; Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-transport of gases, regulation of respiration and exchange of gases, Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Occupational respiratory disorders, Asthma, Emphysema
  • System-structure and function; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney
  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Sense organs; Reflex action; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse
  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- flagella, ciliary, muscular; skeletal system-Myasthenia and Disorders of muscular, Gravis, Muscular dystrophy, Tetany, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout; Joints; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions
  • Pineal, Pancreas, Thyroid, Adrenal, Parathyroid, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders
  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary

Click here for Chemistry Syllabus

UNIT 4: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

  • Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (respiratory, nervous, circulatory, digestive, and Syllabus) reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only)
  • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Stem, Root, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and racemose, fruit, flower and seed

UNIT 5: Ecology and environment

  • Ecosystem: Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release, Energy flow; Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy
  • Organisms and environment: Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Habitat and niche; Population attributes-growth, age distribution, and birth rate and death rate
  • Environmental issues: Agrochemicals and their effects; Air pollution and its control; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Solid waste management; Water pollution and its control; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Importance of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Hotspots, endangered organisms, biosphere reserves, extinction, National parks and sanctuaries, Red Data Book,

UNIT 6: Plant Physiology

  • Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-biological, nitrogen fixation, Nitrogen cycle
  • Transport in plants: Movement of water, Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; gases and nutrients;
  • Transpiration: Opening and closing of stomata
  • Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients: Mass flow hypothesis, Transport of food, phloem transport; Diffusion of gases (brief mention)
  • Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, ethylene, cytokinin, ABA; Seed dormancy; Photoperiodism, Vernalisation
  • Plant – water relations – Imbibition, osmosis, water potential, plasmolysis; Long-distance transport of water – Absorption, Symplas, apoplast, transpiration pull, guttation and root pressure
  • Photosynthesis: Factors affecting photosynthesis, Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways;
  • Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; macro and micronutrients and their role
  • Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient; TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic)
  • Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Conditions of growth; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate

Detailed Class XII Syllabus of NEET Exam

Unit 1: Genetics and Evolution

  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Genome and human genome project; Structure of DNA and RNA; genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation-Lac Operon; Transcription, DNA fingerprinting, Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; DNA packaging; Central dogma; DNA replication.
  • Heredity and variation: Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Mendelian Inheritance; Colour blindness; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee;Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
  • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Gene flow and genetic drift; Adaptive Radiation; Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Human evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection.

Unit 2: Reproduction

  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Double fertilization; Pollination Types, Post fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation
  • Reproductive health: Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness); Birth control- Need and Methods, Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD);Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP).
  • Reproduction in organisms: Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants; Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction.
  • Human Reproduction: Gametogenesis- spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Male and female reproductive systems; Lactation (Elementary idea) Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Menstrual cycle.

Unit 3: Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology), Modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.
  • Human insulin and vaccine production, Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture, gene therapy; Genetically

Unit 4: Biology and Human Welfare

  • Microbes in human welfare: sewage treatment, energy generation, Industrial production, and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
  • Health and Disease; Typhoid, parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. HIV and AIDS; Pneumonia, common cold, Cancer, amoebiasis, ringworm); Pathogens; Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines;Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Improvement in food production; tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Plant breeding, Apiculture and Animal husbandry

Unit 5: Ecology and environment

  • Ecosystem: Patterns, productivity and decomposition; Pyramids of number, components; biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, Energy flow; pollination, oxygen release.
  • Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warming; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Deforestation; Ozone depletion; Any three case studies along with the success stories to address environmental issues.
  • Organisms and environment: Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Habitat and niche; Population attributes-growth,population and ecological adaptations; birth rate and death rate, age distribution
  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Patterns of Biodiversity; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity.

Click here for Detailed Biology Syllabus

Topic wise weightage

The candidates should know about the section wise weightage in order to score high in NEET 2020 exam. Read the following content to identify the topic wise weightage.

NEET 2020 Physics Section Weightage 

  • It is assumed that Physics is more complicated compared to the other two subjects.
  • Besides, the candidates usually spend more time in this section and the questions are time consuming.
  • In the last year, there were eight difficult questions out of 45 questions in this section.
  • Furthermore, Mechanics and Magnetism will be the two most important chapters and will carry the maximum weightage.
Important Chapters Weightage of Chapters in NEET 2020
Mechanics 10%
Thermodynamics 9.5%
Current Electricity 8.1%
Dual Nature of Matter & Radiation 7.3%
Magnetism & Moving Charges 6.3%
Kinematics 6.0%
Rigid Body Dynamics 5.6%
Work, Energy, and Power 5.2%
Planar Motion 4.4%
Ray Optics 4.0%
Wave Optics 3.3%
Kinetic Theory & Thermal Properties of Matter 2.0%
Atomic Study 1.3%
Waves 1.0%
Gravitation 1.0%

Weightage of NEET 2020 Chemistry Section

  • Chemistry is moderately difficult part in NEET 2020 Exam
  • NEET 2020 Chemistry questions range from theoretical to reasoning based practical.
  • The candidates should practice more the application based questions for NEET 2020
  • Besides, based on the trend of previous years’ question papers, it can be assumed that more questions will come from class XII than class XI.
  • For instance, 24 questions were coming from class XII and 21 questions from class XII in last year.
  • Lastly, Physical chemistry and organic chemistry will carry the maximum weightage in the NEET 2020 exam.
Important Chapters Weightage of Chapters in NEET 2020
Chemical Bonding 12.5%
Basic Concepts 10.0%
Chemical Equilibrium 8.2%
Carbonyl Compounds 7.1%
Coordination Compounds 6.7%
Organic Chemistry – II 5.6%
Reaction Mechanism 5.2%
The d and f Block Elements 4.4%
IUPAC & Isomerism 4.0%
Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 3.8%
Chemical Kinetics 2.2%
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 2.2%
Chemistry in Everyday Life 1.3%
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 1.0%
Environmental Chemistry 0.8%

Weightage of NEET 2020 Biology Section

  • For instance. in the year 2017, there were 46 questions from class XII and 44 questions from class XI syllabus.
  • This section is the easiest section compared to the rest. Hence, the candidates get scope to score high with the help of this section.
  • As per prediction, most of the questions will come from Human Physiology and Plant Diversity in this year.
Important Chapters Weightage of Chapters in NEET 2020
Human Physiology Biological Classification Molecular Basis of Inheritance 12.0%
Biomolecules 10.0%
Biological Classification 9.0%
Molecular Basis of Inheritance 8.2%
Animal Kingdom 7.0%
Reproduction 6.6%
Ecosystems 5.1%
Human Health and Diseases 4.3%
Biotechnology: Principles and Processes 3.1%
Microbes in Human Welfare 2.7%
Genetics 2.1%
Plant Kingdom 1.8%
Strategies for Enhancement of Food Production 1.4%
Cell Biology 1.0%
Plant Anatomy 0.7%

Best Books

Besides NCERT, the candidates should follow some subject specific NEET best books. Those books will be beneficial for them to clear their concept more. The chances of getting a high score will also be increased.

Best Books for Physics Preparation

Book Name Author Name
Concepts of Physics H.C. Verma
Fundamentals of Physics Halliday, Resnick and Walker
Objective Physics D C Pandey
Complete NEET Guide MTG Editorial Board

Best Books for Chemistry Preparation

Book Name Author Name
Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Bull’s Eye Chemistry NEET Edition 2020 Seema Saini and K.S. Saini
Organic Chemistry Morrison and Boyd
MTG’s Objective NCERT at your fingertips MTG Editorial Board

Best Books for Biology Preparation

Book Name Author Name
Objective Biology (Volumes 1 & 2) GR Bathla
Elementary Biology (Volume 1 & 2) Trueman
A Class Book for Botany A C Dutta
Complete NEET Guide: Biology MTG Editorial Board

The type of questions asked in National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) are objective based type questions. The mode of the exam is offline. To prepare for the exam students should give first priority to those NCERT Class XI and XII books as they are most reliable. NCERT is written in simple language and is focused on concept-based teaching.

Download NEET Sample Papers

NEET 2020 Exam Pattern

Before appearing in the exam NEET 2020, the candidates should know the exam pattern including the marking scheme, total time duration and the other essential components. Hence, first read the following table to get to know about such important information:

RESULT OF QUESTION IMPACT
Popularly known as NEET 2020
Conducted by NTA, MCI
Official website ntaneet.nic.in
Number of questions 180
Type of questions Multiple choice questions (MCQs)
Mode of examination Offline (Pen and paper based)
Sections Three (Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
Total score 720 marks
Duration of exam 3 hours
Negative marking 180

Marking Scheme of NEET 2020 Exam

  • Each question of every paper carries 4 marks.
  • Consequently, the candidates can acquire 4 marks for every correct answer.
  • Besides, you will get 1 negative marking for every wrong answer.
  • Nonetheless, If you do not attempt any question, you will not be negatively marked.

Frequently Asked Questions

Ques: How can total number questions distributed as per section?

Ans: The total number of question in NEET 2020 would be 180. 45 questions will be equally asked in all the sections, that is Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology.

 

Ques: What type of question will be asked in NEET 2020?

Ans: All the questions in NEET 2020 would be objective type, that is Multiple Choice Questions.

 

Ques: What is the complete syllabus for Physics section in NEET 2020?

Ans: The Physics syllabus comprises of Class 11th and 12th syllabus:

  • Class 11th: Physical world and measurement, Notion of Potential Entergy, Nature of Physical Laws, Kinematics, Speed, Velocity, Work, Energy and Power, Laws of Motion, Static & Kinetic Friction, Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body, Gravitation, Kepler’s law of Planetary Motion, The Universal Law of Gravitation, Thermodynamics, Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory, Properties of Bulk Matter, Bulk Modulus, Critical Velocity, Heat, Work & Internal Energy, Oscillations and Waves.
  • Class 12th: Electrostatics, Electric Charges & their Conservation, Electric Dipole, Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism, Carbon Resistors, Kirchhoff’s Laws & Simple Applications, Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents, AC Generator & Transformer, Concept of Megnatic Field, Permanent Magnets, Current Electricity, Electromagnetic Waves, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation, Optics, Optical Instruments, Wave Optics, Atoms and Nuclei, Electronic Devices, Conductors

 

Ques: What is the complete syllabus for Chemistry section in NEET 2020?

Ans: The Chemistry syllabus comprises of Class 11th and 12th syllabus as well. Below mentioned are all the topics:

  • Class 11th : Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry, Laws of Chemical Combination, Structure of Atom, Atomic Number, Isotopes & Isobars, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, Ionic Bond, Covalent Bond, States of Matter: Gases and Liquids, Thermodynamics, Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties, Electronegativity, Equilibrium, Equilibrium in Physical & Chemical Process, Redox Reactions, Hydrogen, Physical & Chemical Properties of Water, s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals), Organic Chemistry-Some Basic Principles and Techniques, Some p-Block Elements, Hydrocarbons, Environmental Chemistry.
  • Class 12th : Solid State, Band Theory of Metals, Solutions, Elevation of Boiling Point, Electro Chemistry, Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements, Electrochemistry, p-Block Elements, d and f Block Elements, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Alcohols, Physical & Chemical Properties of Primary Alcohol, Phenols and Ethers, Coordination Compounds, Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids, Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen, Amines, Cyanides & Isocyanides, Polymers, Biomolecules, Chemistry in Everyday Life, Cleansing Agents – Soaps & Detergents.

 

Ques: What is the complete syllabus for Biology section in NEET 2020?

Ans: Biology syllabus comprises of questions from both Botany and Zoology. All the topics from which questions might be prompted in NEET 2020 are given below:

  • Class 11th: Diversity in Living World, Three Domains of Life, Cell Structure and Function, Cell Theory, Plant Cell & Animal Cell, Structural Organization in Animals and Plants, Tissues, Morphology & Modifications, Plant Physiology, Transport in Plants, Photosynthesis, Human physiology.
  • Class 12th: Reproduction, Reproduction in Organisms, Biology and Human Welfare, Genetics and Evolution, Heredity & Variations, Biology and Human Welfare, Biotechnology and Its Applications, Principle & Process of Biotechnology, Ecology and Environment, Organism & Environment, Biodiversity and its Conversation.

 

Comments

NEET Paper Analysis (2015-2020): Detailed Weightage Analysis for Topics and Difficulty Level

NEET 2020 is getting closer and all medical aspirants are gearing themselves up for the entrance exam. In the hours of final preparations, candidates must take a look at the pattern of previous years papers so as to focus on core areas of syllabus. We have picked up last year’s papers of NEET (2015-2019) and provided a NEET Paper Analysis in terms of topics covered, level of difficulty and changes in syllabus.

  • As per the statement of experts, NEET cut off marks are dependent upon the difficulty level of the exam. For getting detailed information, check NEET Cutoff.
  • There will be 90 questions from Biology (which will be categorised into Botany and Zoology). Apart from this, the students will get 45 questions both in Physics and chemistry (from class XI and XII).
  • It is advised to practice from NCERT books and previous years questions for NEET 2020 exam. Hence, the aspirants will get advantages to score high.

NEET 2020 Exam Pattern

Name of the Examination National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET)
Conducting Body NTA
Duration 3 Hours
Exam Mode Offline (Pen & Paper Based)
Total Number of Questions 180
Total Marks 720
Marks per question 4
Negative Marks -1
Number of Sections 3
Number of Questions per section Physics – 45
Chemistry – 45
Biology (Botany & Zoology) – 90

Check NEET Exam Pattern

NEET Paper Analysis 2019 

The paper pattern of NEET 2019 was moderate to difficult. Some students found it lengthy. All the three sections were a bit difficult. Physics section was a little bit tricky. The Chemistry section was also found moderately difficult, the same as the Physics section. Biology section was easy compared to other sections but some of the questions were tough. You can check the NEET Paper Analysis of 2019 bifurcated according to topics and difficulties given below.

Physics section analysis

  • Physics is the toughest section among the three sections in NEET 2020 exam.
  • The aspirants will need to crack conceptual based and tricky questions in the exam, as per the analysis of the experts.
  • Physics questions were usually critical and the aspirants needed to do heavy calculations.

Chemistry section analysis

  • Chemistry section was moderately complex and hence, the aspirants got some direct questions from NCERT text book.
  • Chemistry section in NEET 2019 was the scoring section
  • As per the expert’s review, NEET 2019 chemistry was comparatively easier than the previous years.

Biology section analysis

  • Usually Biology is considered as the easiest section, however, last year, the Biology section was not so easy.
  • The trend of NEET 2019 Biology questions were time consuming and descriptive.
  • The high weightage chapters of NEET 2019 biology section were from Microbes in Human Welfare and Cell. These are the chapters of Botany and Zoology respectively.
  • In order to get a high score in the Biology section, the aspirants are required to have in-depth knowledge in concepts.

Sectional Paper Analysis (Physics & Chemistry)

Topics Easy Average Difficult % Portion
Physics
Mechanics 3 4 2 22%
Fluids 1 0 0 1%
Thermal Physics 1 3 2 15%
SHM & Waves 1 0 0 5%
Electrodynamics 2 3 5 22%
Optics 4 2 1 12%
Modern & Electronics 4 2 1 16%
Chemistry
Inorganic 4 5 3 50%
Physical 5 3 2 30%
Organic 7 5 1 35%

Sectional Paper Analysis (Biology)

Botany

Topics Easy Medium Difficult Total
Plant Diversity 2 5 1 8
Ecology 3 8 0 11
Cell Biology and Cell division 1 4 0 5
Plant Morphology 2 0 0 2
Biomolecule 0 1 0 1
Plant Physiology 3 3 1 7
Plant reproduction 3 2 0 5
Genetics & Biotechnology 9 7 0 16
Plant Anatomy 3 1 0 4
Total 26 31 2 59

Zoology

Topics Easy Medium Difficult Total
Animal Diversity 2 2 0 4
Structural Organisation in Animal 1 0 0 1
Human Physiology 8 6 1 15
Human Reproduction and Reproductive health 3 0 2 5
Origin and Evolution 3 0 0 3
Human Health and Diseases 2 0 1 3
Total 19 8 4 31

Check NEET Chemistry Syllabus

NEET Paper Analysis

NEET Paper Analysis 2018

The paper pattern of NEET 2018 was similar to that of NEET 2017. Both Physics and Chemistry gave a tough time to test takers due to long calculative questions. There were few easy questions in Physics which required tricky calculations. Biology was tough in comparison to previous years and was again time consuming. It had few questions out of NCERT syllabus as well. Both Class XI and Class XII syllabus were covered in all the subjects. Check NEET Paper Analysis of 2018 as per the subjects below.

Physics Section Analysis

  • According to the review of medical aspirants and the experts, in NEET 2018, Physics was the toughest exam compared to the rest.
  • Physics questions were comparatively lengthy and conceptual based.
  • Category of Physics questions break up in NEET 2018 exam: 2 difficult questions, 34 easy questions and 9 moderate questions.
  • The question division of class XII and Xi was 24 and 21 respectively.

Chemistry section analysis

  • The section was not so lengthy like the Physics section
  • Chemistry section was moderate among the three sections
  • Most of the questions of the Chemistry section were simple concept based.
  • The ratio of 12th standard and 11th standard questions were 20 and 20 respectively.

Biology section analysis

  • In NEET 2018, it was the easiest section compared to the other two sections
  • 46 questions were coming from class XII and 44 questions from class XI.
  • There were 48 easy questions, 9 difficult questions and 33 moderate questions.
  • Most of the questions were concept based and these were coming from NCERT (directly),
  • Average obtained marks by most of the aspirants were ranking from 350 to 400 marks.

Sectional Paper Analysis (Physics, Chemistry & Biology)

Topics Easy Average Difficult % Portion
Physics
Mechanics 5 7 0 27%
Fluids 0 0 1 2%
Thermal Physics 1 4 1 13%
SHM & Waves 1 2 0 7%
Electrodynamics 5 3 3 24%
Optics 1 4 0 11%
Modern & Electronics 4 2 1 16%
Chemistry
Inorganic 9 4 2 34%
Physical 7 3 5 33%
Organic 8 5 2 33%
Biology
Plant Diversity 6 1 0 11%
Plant Morphology 4 3 0 11%
Plant Physiology 1 4 1 10%
Plant Reproduction 2 2 0 7%
Cell Biology 3 5 1 15%

Check NEET Physics Syllabus

NEET Paper Analysis 2017

In terms of difficulty level experts and test takers rated NEET 2017 somewhere between ‘moderate to difficult’. Among the three sections, Physics continued to be the toughest while Biology and Chemistry were comparatively easier. Unexpectedly, a lot of questions were outside the NCERT syllabus which increased the difficulty level. NEET Paper Analysis of 2017 for various sections is given below.

Physics Paper Analysis

  • In NEET 2017, most of the Physics questions had come from Class XI syllabus
  • Most of the questions of class XI were from Mechanics, Modern Physics and Electrodynamics of Class XI
  • There were 10 easy questions, 8 difficult questions and 27 moderate questions in NEET 2017.
  • It was the toughest section similar to the other years.

Chemistry paper analysis

  • Unlike Physics, the aspirants had faced more questions in Chemistry from class XII
  • Though, Inorganic chemistry usually carried the maximum weightage, however, in NEET 2017, the aspirants mostly faced the questions from Organic chemistry.
  • The questions of class XI were very easy, whereas the questions of class XII were comparatively tricky.
  • Unless the students had in-depth knowledge, they would not be able to get a good score in the chemistry section, since most of the questions were conceptual based.
  • Based on the aforementioned analysis for NEET 2017 Chemistry section, the students should read the following chapters on top-notch priority:
    • Chemical Bonding
    • Coordination Compounds
    • Carbonyl Compounds
    • Organic Chemistry-I

Biology paper analysis

  • It was the easiest section to the students in NEET 2017 exam than Physics and Chemistry
  • This section was the saviour to the students
  • In order to get the idea about the NEET exam pattern and trend, the aspirants should follow the last 10 years Biology questions.
  • However, it can be assumed that the biology exam will be tougher this year
  • Most carrying weightage topics of NEET 2017 Biology paper were Plant physiology and human physiology.
  • In NEET 2017, 46 questions were coming from class XII and 44 were coming from class XI.
  • Most of questions of class XII were from Zoology section and class XI were from Botany
  • Maximum questions in NEET 2017 were from Plant physiology and human physiology, therefore, the aspirants should read thoroughly the below mentioned chapters:
    • Pollination
    • Photosynthesis
    • Endocrine System
    • Digestive System
    • Plant Anatomy
    • DNA replication
    • PAGE Theory
    • Excretory and Nervous System

Sectional Paper Analysis (Physics, Chemistry & Biology)

Topics Easy Average Difficult % Portion
Physics
Mechanics 3 4 7 31%
SHM & Waves 2 1 0 7%
Heat & Thermodynamics 4 1 1 13%
Properties of Matter 1 0 1 4%
Electrodynamics 3 4 2 20%
Modern Physics 5 2 0 16%
Optics 2 2 0 9%
Chemistry
Inorganic 7 6 2 33%
Physical 7 5 5 31%
Organic 4 8 4 36%
Biology
The Living World 1 6 2 10%
Structural Organization in Plant & Animal 3 5 2 11%
Cell: Structure & Function 1 4 3 9%
Plant Physiology 1 5 2 9%
Animal Physiology & Reproduction 9 8 4 21%
Reproduction in Plants 5 9 5 6%
Genetics & Evolution 0 3 2 12%
Biology in human welfare 2 2 1 6%
Biotechnology 1 2 1 3%
Ecology 5 3 4 13%

Check NEET Biology Syllabus

NEET Paper Analysis 2016

The pattern of NEET 2016 remained almost the same where questions for each section were distributed almost equally between class XI and XII syllabus. Physics section was tougher and time consuming in comparison to the other sections. Biology section was easier and Chemistry was rated average. You can find NEET Paper Analysis for 2016 divided in sections below

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Sectional Paper Analysis 2016 (Physics, Chemistry & Biology)

Topics Easy Average Difficult % Portion
Physics
Mechanics 6 4 1 24%
SHM & Waves 2 2 1 9%
Heat & Thermodynamics 1 4 0 11%
Properties of Matter 0 2 0 4%
Electrodynamics 3 6 2 24%
Modern Physics 2 4 2 18%
Optics 1 3 0 9%
Chemistry
Inorganic 4 7 2 28%
Physical 4 9 3 36%
Organic 3 9 4 36%
Biology
The Living World 6 8 1 17%
Structural Organization in Plant & Animal 5 4 1 11%
Cell: Structure & Function 4 1 2 8%
Plant Physiology 5 1 1 8%
Animal Physiology & Reproduction 9 8 4 23%
Reproduction in Plants 4 1 0 6%
Genetics & Evolution 3 2 2 8%
Biology in human welfare 2 1 0 3%
Biotechnology 3 2 0 6%
Ecology 6 4 0 11%

NEET Paper Analysis 2015

NEET 2015 was considered as the first time when CBSE conducted the entrance exam all over India as a single window entry examination. In terms of overall difficulty, the experts and candidates rated it average. The test takers found Biology difficult while Physics and Chemistry paper were comparatively easier. The paper also had few questions beyond NCERT syllabus. Given below is NEET Paper Analysis according to sections.

Sectional Paper Analysis 2015 (Physics, Chemistry & Biology)

Topics Easy Average Difficult % Portion
Physics
Mechanics 8 2 1 24%
SHM & Waves 2 1 0 7%
Heat & Thermodynamics 5 1 0 13%
Properties of Matter 2 0 0 5%
Electrodynamics 4 4 3 24%
Modern Physics 6 2 1 20%
Optics 2 1 0 7%
Chemistry
Inorganic 5 6 5 36%
Physical 5 6 5 36%
Organic 5 6 2 28%
Biology
The Living World 2 7 2 12%
Structural Organization in Plant & Animal 2 5 1 9%
Cell: Structure & Function 2 9 0 12%
Plant Physiology 0 5 2 9%
Animal Physiology & Reproduction 4 12 2 20%
Reproduction in Plants 0 3 0 14%
Genetics & Evolution 0 10 3 14%
Biology in human welfare 0 5 0 6%
Biotechnology 0 2 0 2%
Ecology 2 8 2 13%

Check NEET Sample Papers

Takeaway from Previous Years Sample Paper Analysis

It is clearly visible that a few topics have a high weightage each year. You need to work on these topics thoroughly. There is also a chance that the Biology section might have a high number of questions from Zoology instead of Botany. Your aim should be to prepare major topics of both the subjects. You can read more about preparation tips.

FAQs

Ques. What is the division of questions from each section?

Ans. Find the following content to identify the division of questions from each section:

  • Physics: 45
  • Chemistry: 45
  • Biology/Biotechnology: 90
Ques. What is the formula of calculating NEET score?

Ans. NEET score calculating formula= (No of correct answers*4)-(No of incorrect answers*1)

Ques. May I know the negative marking scheme?

Ans. Yes, the students will be deducted one mark in case of every wrong answer

Ques. Is it necessary to read NCERT for NEET exam?

Ans. In order to clear your knowledge and to build in-depth concepts, the aspirants should read NCERT.

Ques. Which chapter from chemistry will carry more weightage?

Ans. The aspirants are advised to give extra attention to organic chemistry to get a high score in NEET 2020 exam.

NEET 2020 Physics Syllabus: Important Chapters, Topics and Best Books to refer

NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is conducted for admissions to undergraduate medical programs i.e. MBBS and BDS. Since NEET (UG) is now the only examination for admission in medical institutes in India, the difficulty level might reduce. But to secure admission in a top-tier medical course, you have to prepare the whole syllabus along with NEET Physics Syllabus with utmost dedication.

There are 3 subjects that are assessed in the examination – Physics, Chemistry, Biology. NCERT books of class 11th and 12th for each subject are extremely important while preparing for NEET 2020. NEET Physics Syllabus is considered to be the toughest among the three subjects.

Read: Why NCERT Books are Important for NEET Exam?

So, what should be the first step to start your preparation? To begin with, aspirants have to know the syllabus of each subject. Even though the NEET 2020 syllabus is announced separately, it is still the same as 2019.

Overview of NEET Physics Syllabus

NEET Physics syllabus is directly taken from what students study in their NCERT textbooks. The Physics syllabus given below is always a recommended syllabus. Although the questions will be asked from these given topics, they might be a mix of two or more topics as well. Let’s look at the chapters of NEET Physics Syllabus.

Class XI

  1. Physical world and measurement
  2. Kinematics
  3. Laws Of motion
  4. Work, energy, and power
  5. Motion of system of particles and rigid body
  6. Gravitation
  7. Properties of bulk matter
  8. Thermodynamics
  9. Behavior of perfect gas and kinetic theory
  10. Oscillations and waves

Class XII

  1. Electrostatics
  2. Current electricity
  3. Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
  4. Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
  5. Electromagnetic waves
  6. Optics
  7. Dual nature of matter and radiation
  8. Atoms and nuclei
  9. Electronic devices

NEET Physics Syllabus: Topics to study

Class XI

UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement

  • Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.
  • Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant
    figures.
  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications

UNIT II: Kinematics

  • Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in plane-rectangular components.
  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

UNIT III: Laws Of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion, momentum and Newton’s second law of motion, impulse, Newton’s third law of motion, Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion, Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

UNIT IV: Work, Energy, and Power

  • Work done by a constant force and variable force, kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
  • Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies), non-conservative forces, motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body, centre of mass of uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions, moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

UNIT VI: Gravitation

  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy, gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.

UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio, elastic energy.
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion, thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv-calorimetry, change of state-latent heat.
  • Heat transfer-conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and GreenHouse effect.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature(zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.

UNIT IX: Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature, degree of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases, concept of gases, concept of mean free path.

UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves

  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation, phase, oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant, energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies, simple pendulum- derivation of expression for its time period, free, forced and damped oscillations ( qualitative ideas only), resonance.
  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler Effect.

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Class XII

UNIT I: Electrostatics

  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges, superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell( field inside and outside)
  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graff generator.

UNIT II: Current Electricity

  • Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current, Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
  • Carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors, series and parallel combinations of resistors, temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
  • Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells, measurement of internal resistance of a cell

UNIT III: Magnetic Effects Of Current And Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot –Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loops.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field, moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole(bar magnet)along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole(bar magnetic) in a uniform magnetic field, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines, Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia- and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.
  • Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage, reactance and impedance, LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance, power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer.

UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Need for displacement current
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics ( qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

UNIT VI: Optics

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Reflection of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
  • Scattering of light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane waves at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarization, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

UNIT VII: Dual Nature Of Matter And Radiation

  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
  • Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted, only conclusion should be explained).

UNIT VIII: Atoms And Nuclei

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiments, Rutherford’s model of atom, Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, isotones.
  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

UNIT IX: Electronic Devices

  • Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode, Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor, transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

The whole NEET Physics syllabus is downloadable and you can refer to the official document provided by NTA here. Or students can print this page using Ctrl+P and keep this as a reminder of the long list of topics they have to prepare for!

Weightage of Important Topics in NEET Physics Syllabus 2020

Some topics of NEET Physics Syllabus are more important than others as they are repeatedly asked in the past question papers. Some of the important topics of NEET Physics Syllabus are mentioned in the table below-

NEET Physics Important Chapters Weightage in NEET Physics Syllabus
Laws of Motion 15%
System of Particle and Rigid Body 14%
Thermodynamics 14%
Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism 12%
Current Electricity 13%
Semiconductor Electronics 12%
Atoms and Nuclei 10%
Ray Optics and Optical Instrument 10%

Physics Important Topics

What are the most important chapters of NEET Physics Syllabus 2020?

NEET Physics syllabus is vast, and it is obvious you cannot skip any major topic. Past year’s question paper for Physics had about 19 questions from the class XI syllabus and around 26 questions from class XII syllabus. So, it is essential to cover all the chapters that are mentioned in the official NEET Physics Syllabus for 2020.

Very Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus

Electronic Devices
Electrostatics
Heat and Thermodynamics
Kinematics
Laws of Motion
Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism
Oscillations and Waves

Moderately Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus

Atoms and Nuclei
Current Electricity
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Electromagnetic Induction
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
Optics
Work, Energy & Power

Less Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus

Alternating Current
Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
Electromagnetic Waves
Gravitation
Physical World and Measurement
Properties of Bulk Matter

The major point to be noted is that the questions were mostly from the topics covered in the NCERT books based on the analysis of the last year question paper. Here the important topics of NEET Physics syllabus from which the questions are mostly asked in exam-

Number of questions expected from various topics

Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus No of Questions Expected
Mechanics 19
Electrodynamics 9
Modern Physics 7
Optics and Wave Optics 5
Thermodynamics 5

Chapter-wise difficulty in NEET Physics Syllabus 2020

Given below is an analysis of difficulty of questions bifurcated chapter-wise. As the table below suggests, NEET Physics Syllabus requires deep knowledge of each and every topic and the number of easy questions has completely vanished in the past few years. Considerably, almost all the questions in NEET Physics are moderate or tough. The major getaway from this is that due to a higher difficulty level, competition in NEET is saturated towards the top 10% to 20% of the candidates only.

Unit Number of Questions Easy Moderate Difficult
Mechanics 17 0 16 1
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 0 3 0
Properties of matter 3 0 2 1
Electrostatics and Capacitor 4 0 4 0
Current Electricity 3 0 3 0
Magnetism, Magnetic Effect of Current and AC 5 0 4 1
Modern Physics 6 0 5 1
Ray and Way Optics 4 0 4 0
Total 45 0 41 4

Download NEET Previous Year Question Papers

NEET Physics Syllabus 2020: Preparation Tips

NEET Physics syllabus is considered difficult due to confusing patterns and also because it includes a wide range of scientific principles and numerical problems. And even the top experts will not deny this fact. In order to cover the whole syllabus from 0 to 100, what students need is a strategy. Given below are some tips to cover the NEET Physics Syllabus 2020 easily, but do remember that these tips require strong commitment from your end.

  • Know syllabus and exam pattern – Learn about what is going to be asked in the examinations. Check NEET Physics Syllabus and keep a print out of it as a task list. NEET Exam Pattern helps understand the intricacies of the exam.
  • Focus on important concepts – The most important topics in NEET Physics Syllabus are – Mechanics, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrodynamics and Modern Physics. This is based on past year trends and almost 50-60% paper is set on these topics. Conceptualise these topics before working on other topics.
  • Remeber all formulae – Learning a formula is easy. Learning a whole book of formulae is pretty difficult. The core of every subject is the formula and students must maintain a short book for these and keep revising the most important formulae.
  • Practice old question papers – During the last few weeks of preparation, it is necessary to work on all the topics with equal importance. Practice is required in all topics and sometimes, traditional methods of learning suits the best. Use a pen and paper and solve maximum old question papers.
  • Create short notes – You must make notes of all the essential formulae, theorems and principles when you are learning the topics for the first time. This will help you during revision as short notes help in a quick go-through.
  • Practice with Online Mock Test – Take as many mock tests as possible. This will help you score well due to higher practice and also make you adapt to a computer-based environment. Moreover, mock analysis are available from each attempted test which will help you understand the weak topics
  • Work on weak topics – Prioritize on NEET Physics most important topics and then plan for the less important ones. Working on mock will help in knowing the weak areas. Various websites provide topic-based tests to practice on various difficulty levels.

Check NEET Preparation Tips

Best Books for Preparing NEET Physics Syllabus 2020

We have listed some important books to prepare aspirants for a strong base in NEET Physics syllabus. Remember that this list is not exhaustive. You can refer to other books too if you find them useful.

Book Author
Physics for Medical Entrance Examinations D.C. Pandey
Concepts of Physics H.C. Verma
Fundamentals of Physics Halliday, Resnick and Walker
Objective NCERT at your fingertips for NEET AIIMS- Physics MTG Editorial Board
Complete NEET Guide MTG Editorial Board
NEET 2020 Physics Guide- 5th Edition Disha Publications

According to a large number of medical aspirants and experts, NEET Physics Syllabus is comparatively more tricky and conceptual based. This is the reason why most of the candidates find the NEET Physics questions toughest than the other two sections. The NEET 2020 appearing candidates are advised to practice questions with the low to heavy calculations to improve their perfomance in the examination.

NEET 2020 Chemistry Syllabus- Check Detailed Syllabus and Important Topics

NEET Chemistry Syllabus is very vast and can be classified into three parts, namely- Physical, Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. NEET 2020 covers Chemistry Syllabus as prescribed in CBSE class XI and class XII NCERT books and was prepared by MCI taking into consideration the chemistry syllabus of various state boards as well.

Students must prepare each unit of NEET Chemistry Syllabus sufficiently well in order to perform well in the NEET chemistry section. The best preparation tip for NEET Chemistry is to prepare the top 10 important topics along with that you can start devising your self-study plan. The more time you allot to the high weightage chapters higher will be your score in NEET 2020 chemistry section. Not to forget, the more the revision, the better is the performance.

NEET 2020 Chemistry Syllabus – Chapters

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Laws of Chemical Combination
Structure of Atom, Atomic Number Isotopes & Isobars
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Thermodynamics Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Electronegativity Equilibrium
Equilibrium in Physical & Chemical Process Redox Reactions
Hydrogen Physical & Chemical Properties of Water
S-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) Organic Chemistry-Some Basic Principles and Techniques
Some p-Block Elements Hydrocarbons
Environmental Chemistry Solid State
Band Theory of Metals Solutions
Elevation of Boiling Point Chemical Kinetics
Surface Chemistry General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Electrochemistry p-Block Elements
d and f Block Elements Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Alcohols Physical & Chemical Properties of Primary Alcohol
Phenols and Ethers Coordination Compound
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Amines, Cyanides & Isocyanides Polymers
Biomolecules Chemistry in Everyday Life
Cleansing Agents – Soaps & Detergents

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Detailed Class XI NEET Chemistry Syllabus 

UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • Atomic and molecular masses
  • Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules
  • General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry
  • Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry

UNIT II: Structure of Atom

  • Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.

UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence.

UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond.

UNIT V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • Three states of matter, inter molecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behavior of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation.
  • Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behavior, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature. Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).

UNIT VI: Thermodynamics

  • First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution
  • Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity
  • Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction

UNIT VII: Equilibrium

  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of PH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)

UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions

  • Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers

UNIT IX: Hydrogen

  • Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure

UNIT X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group
  • Group I and group 2 elements: diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological importance of sodium
  • Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses. Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca and potassium

UNIT XI: Some p-Block Elements

  • General Introduction to p-Block Elements
  • Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of the first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalis
  • General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of the first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides
  • Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses

UNIT XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques

  • General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds.
  • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation
  • Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.

UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons

  • Alkanes: Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
  • Alkanes: Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
  • Alkynes: Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.

UNIT XIV: Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution

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Detailed Class XII NEET Chemistry Syllabus 

UNIT I: Solid State

  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

UNIT II: Solutions

  • Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van’t Hoff factor.

UNIT III: Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.

UNIT IV: Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation.

UNIT V: Surface chemistry

  •  Adsorption– Physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.

UNIT VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

UNIT VII: p- Block Elements

  • Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorus- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorus: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
  • Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
  • Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
  • Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

UNIT VIII: d and f Block Elements

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanide.

UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds

  • Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems)

UNIT X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, Optical rotation.
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT only).

UNIT XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.

UNIT XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses,identification of primary secondary and tertiary amine
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides: will be mentioned at relevant places.
  • Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

UNIT XIV: Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates: Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
  • Proteins: Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
  • Hormones: Elementary idea (excluding structure).
  • Vitamins: Classification and function.
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

UNIT XV: Polymers

  • Classification: Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines: analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
  • Chemicals in food: preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing agents: soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Read Compiled NEET Syllabus for Physics, Chemistry and Biology

Most Important Topics from NEET Chemistry Syllabus

As stated before, NEET Chemistry Syllabus comes under 3 sub-sections – Physical, Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. All of these three sections have almost equal weightage. But it is also important to note that in each of these 3 sections, there are certain chapters which have much higher weightage and are thus very important. Nevertheless, candidates must give importance to every topic in the NEET Chemistry Syllabus. There are some topics which were asked repeatedly in NEET Previous Year Question Papers. Candidates can check the table mentioned below to understand the weightage-

Important Topics from NEET Chemistry Syllabus Weightage (in percentage)
Mole Concept and General Physical Chemistry 8%
Chemical bonding and molecular structure 7%
Carbonyl Compounds – Aldehydes, Carboxylic Acids 7%
Coordination compounds 6%
p-Block elements 6%
s-Block elements and Hydrogen 6%
Chemical Equilibrium 6%
Chemical Thermodynamics 6%
Biomolecules and Polymers 5%
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers 4%
Chemical Kinetics 4%

Chemistry Important Topics

Read: Why NCERT books are important for NEET Preparation?

Weightage for NEET Inorganic Chemistry

Topics Questions Total Marks
P and S block 2 8
Chemical Bonding 5 20
Periodic Table 1 4
D and F block 2 8
Coordination Compounds 4 16
Qualitative Analysis 1 4
Metallurgy 1 4
Total 16 64

Weightage for NEET Physical Chemistry

Topics Questions Total Marks
Chemical Equilibrium 3 12
Nuclear Chemistry and Atomic Structure 1 4
Thermochemistry and Thermodynamics 2 8
Mole Concept 1 4
Electrochemistry 1 4
Chemical Kinetics 2 8
Solution and Colligative Properties 1 4
Solid State 1 4
Surface Chemistry 1 4
Total 13 52

Weightage for NEET Organic Chemistry

Topics Questions Total Marks
Alkyl Halide, Alcohol and Ether 2 8
General Organic Chemistry 3 12
Biomolecules 1 4
Aromatic Compounds 1 4
Chemistry in Everyday Life 1 4
Carbonyl Compounds 4 16
IUPAC & Isomerism 2 8
Environmental Chemistry 1 4
Practical Organic Chemistry 1 4
Total 16 64

Preparation Tips For NEET Chemistry Syllabus

NEET questions are generally simple. Although the NEET Chemistry Syllabus is wide and has too much to study, the questions are repetitive in nature and with a simple twist. Practicing regularly with NEET Previous Year Question Papers will help improve the performance by a large margin. Given below are some tips to improvise the learning of NEET Chemistry Syllabus-

  • Solve, Learn and Practice: The key to success in the chemistry section of NEET is practicing maximum questions. Solve the questions on your own at first attempt, learn from the mistakes and practice more of such questions.
  • Practice Papers and Mock Tests: It is important to attempt maximum mock tests or practice papers for NEET and NEET Chemistry sections. Watch video lectures over how to attempt the NEET Chemistry section the right way and learn the strategy of toppers.
  • Time management: Candidates need to be quick and wise in the selection of questions to clear the exam with a good score.
  • Inorganic chemistry must be learned throughout the year: As inorganic chemistry has a vast syllabus and difficult structural diagrams, best to practice them regularly. You must learn the logic behind each statement as it is mostly theory.
  • NCERT is your X-Factor: NEET questions are mostly asked directly from specific lines of a specific chapter, so try to by heart the concepts with line and a photograph of the page number and corresponding para. This way you can easily mark the answers, as soon as you see the questions.
  • Reference books: Along with NCERT books candidates must refer some other books that give you space for practice.
  • Last day preparation: Make a small pocket manual for yourself where you can keep all the important concepts handy, or a collection of information that can be used for studying the important topics at the last minute.
  • Never try new things in the last few days: As the chemistry syllabus is quite vast. This requires you to follow a timetable and study things with some gaps and space, but do not learn anything new in the last few days, if you have not worked with it previously.
  • Last minute revision: Revision is an important part of the syllabus, so just revise everything you have learned in the last few days, so that you are through with all the concepts.
  • Take care of your health: If you are healthy the whole year, then only can you work on the plan devised by you for self-study. Best to eat small meals at regular intervals to keep your mind fresh. Take proper sleep of at least 6 hours!

Check Complete NEET 2020 Preparation Tips

NTA Video Lectures to cover NEET Chemistry Syllabus

On the official portal of NTA, students can find video lectures by IIT-PAL which are watchable on mobile phones or tablets as well. The videos are uploaded on the IIT-PAL page on Youtube. There are more than a 100 video lectures of about 50 to 60 minutes duration for each video. Lectures are divided according to topics of various chapters and are prepared by reputed faculty members of top IITs. To access these videos-

  1. Go to www.nta.ac.in
  2. Click on ‘Students’ tab
  3. Select Content Based Lectures under ‘Test Practice’ section
  4. Select Chemistry video lectures.
  5. New page on youtube will load showing a playlist of lectures.

Free Mock Tests by NTA for NEET Chemistry Syllabus

NTA also provides free mock tests on the official portal. Students can head over to – www.nta.ac.in/quiz to access the Mock Tests. These mock tests can be attempted on a computer free of cost and also do not require any registration on the website. The papers given in these mock tests are of previous years of NEET examination. Section-wise mocks are available here so a student can focus on questions from NEET Chemistry Syllabus. It is advised to attempt the mocks once the whole syllabus is completed.

Best Books for NEET Chemistry Syllabus

Identify the best books suiting your study style and work with them at regular intervals, so that you are able to master the NEET Chemistry Syllabus in the due course of time.

MCQs for NEET chemistry are generally not very difficult, except with a few exceptions. Students must stick to the best time management of work in order to perform best within the stipulated time period. Some good books to prepare for NEET chemistry syllabus are as follows:

Book name Publisher ISBN
A to Z Chemistry for NEET Class XI Cengage Learning India Pvt Ltd 8131534200
Universal Self-Scorer Errorless Chemistry (Set of 2 Volumes) Universal Books Depot 8193000218
Marvel Chemistry MCQs Volume 2 For NEET(UG) And JEE (Main) Exams Marvel Publication 8193371747
Objective Chemistry – Chapter-wise MCQ for JEE Main/ BITSAT/ AIPMT/ AIIMS/ KCET 2nd Edition Disha Publications 9385576712

As stated all over this article, NEET Chemistry Syllabus is vast but not exactly difficult if the student keeps practicing consistently and with full dedication. It is important to stick with the NEET Chemistry Syllabus and the NEET exam pattern. Keep in mind that there is negative marking for every incorrect answer in NEET and OMRs do not have any option to change the answer!

NEET 2020 Biology Syllabus- Detailed Syllabus and Preparation tips

NEET Biology Syllabus is considered difficult since the beginning because it has a vast syllabus. NEET 2020 is a single gateway for admission to MBBS/BDS programs offered by government, private or semi-government institutes. Every year, nearly 10 lakh students appear for the entrance exam but only a few students are able to get the desired seat because of high competition and limited seats.

NEET Biology Syllabus can be covered easily with the help of understanding of the topics, in the relative order of their importance. The Biology Syllabus is not something which can be completed by learning random chapters. Students need to follow a sequence here to ensure they are able to retain everything in their brains.

If prepared well with a good time management plan, you can score up to 90% in the biology section. Many of you are not big fans of the plant kingdom unit, as there are plenty of scientific terms that are used in this unit. So the best option is to prepare this at last as the percentage weightage of this unit is only 1% to 3%. You can be free from the hassles of technical preparations and rote learning if you just follow the article closely.

Check NEET 2020 Important Preparation Tips

NEET Biology Highlights

Total weightage 50% of NEET
Subsection Botany and Zoology
Number of questions asked 90
Marks allotted for each question +4 marks for a correct answer
Negative marking -1 mark for the wrong answer
Total marks for Biology 360 out of 720 marks

NEET 2020 Biology Syllabus – Chapters

NEET Biology Syllabus is subdivided into two sections that are Zoology and Botany. 45 questions are asked from each section, which means the NEET Biology section will be asking a total of 90 questions. Remember there are a total of 180 questions to be solved in just 180 minutes. To maximize the score in the NEET Biology section, candidates must give priority to both sub-sections. Given below are the chapters from NEET Biology Syllabus-

  • Diversity in Living World
  • Structural Organization in Animals and Plants
  • Cell Structure and Function
  • Plant Physiology
  • Human Physiology
  • Reproduction
  • Genetics and Evolution
  • Biology and Human Welfare
  • Biotechnology and Its Applications
  • Ecology and Environment
  • Principles of Inheritance and Variation

Click here for Physics Syllabus

Detailed NEET Biology Syllabus of Class XI

UNIT I: Diversity in Living World

  • What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomic hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria
  • Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens;
  • Botanical gardens, Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms
  • Viruses and Viroids. Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category) Angiosperms- classification up to class, characteristic features and examples). Salient features and at least two examples).

UNIT II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

  • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and racemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical
  • Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and Syllabus) reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only)

UNIT III: Cell Structure and Function

  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum,
  • Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus
  • Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance

UNIT IV: Plant Physiology

  • Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport;
  • Plantwater relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long-distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation;
  • Transpiration: Opening and closing of stomata
  • Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients: Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention)
  • Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity;
  • Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological, nitrogen fixation
  • Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis
  • Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
  • Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth
  • Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism

UNIT V: Human Physiology

  • Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea
  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders
  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of the blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
  • Excretory Products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory
  • System-structure and function; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney
  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, flagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia Gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.
  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary,
  • Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goitre, exophthalmic goitre, diabetes, Addison’s disease).

Click here for Chemistry Syllabus

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Detailed NEET Biology Syllabus of Class XII

UNIT I: Reproduction

  • Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants
  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination Types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation
  • Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis- spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development up to blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
  • Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control- Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).

UNIT II: Genetics and Evolution

  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex-linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation-Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting.
  • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidence for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic Theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution

UNIT III: Biology and Human Welfare

  • Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single-cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry
  • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

UNIT IV: Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically
  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology), modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.

UNIT V: Ecology and environment

  • Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution
  • Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries.
  • Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warming; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

Read Complete NEET Syllabus

NEET Biology Syllabus: Topic-wise Weightage

While students start preparing for the whole syllabus, they forget what requires more attention. A lot of coaching institutes and school teachers focus on topics which are cumulatively important for the board exams but do not reveal their weightage in NEET examination. A chapter which has more than 4% weightage in NEET Biology Syllabus can be considered important as 4% constitutes about 3 to 4 questions out of 180 or about 14 to 15 marks out of 720. This means that the chances of a question being asked from that particular chapter are much more. Given below is a table which specifies the weightage of all the topics of NEET Biology Syllabus-

Important Topics Weightage (%)
Human Physiology Biological Classification Molecular Basis of Inheritance 12.0%
Biomolecules 10.0%
Biological Classification 9.0%
Molecular Basis of Inheritance 8.2%
Animal Kingdom 7.0%
Reproduction 6.6%
Ecosystems 5.1%
Human Health and Diseases 4.3%
Biotechnology: Principles and Processes 3.1%
Microbes in Human Welfare 2.7%
Genetics 2.1%
Plant Kingdom 1.8%
Strategies for Enhancement of Food Production 1.4%
Cell Biology 1%
Plant Anatomy 0.7%

Biology Important Topics

Read: Why NCERT books are important for NEET Preparation?

NEET Biology Syllabus: Difficulty Analysis

NEET Biology Syllabus constitutes 50% of the weightage for NEET overall. Considering the importance of the exam, the high weightage seems reasonable. According to the past analysis of various sessions of NEET, the trend seems to be like this-

  • Around 50% of the questions from the Biology section are Easy.
  • 30% to 35% Questions are Moderate in terms of difficulty.
  • 15% to 20% Questions are Difficult to answer for everyone.
Section Easy Questions Moderate Questions Difficult Questions
Botany 21 17 7
Zoology 20 19 6

A good score in NEET Biology is said to be around 200 to 300 marks. If a student has good speed and knowledge here, NEET Biology score can easily reach above 200.

Preparation Tips for NEET Biology Syllabus

  • Try and relate to the definition of scientific terms, instead of mugging them
  • Discuss the terms and definitions learned with your friends, this will help you in remembering the definitions better
  • Sketch a diagram daily related to the syllabus defined, as plenty of questions are related to diagrams
  • Most biology questions are from NCERT books, practice well
  • Keep a metric check of your score in various important topics, that will help you in identifying the weak topics
  • Do regular practices of MCQs from different topics
  • Try to work with the 10-year papers and mock exams
  • Do a self-check of the answers, go for comparative study
  • Track of your performance by keeping a graph of your score in various test series.

NTA Free Video Lectures for NEET Biology Syllabus (IIT-PAL)

Aspirants who are weak in any particular topic of NEET Biology Syllabus can cover these topics easily by watching video lectures from top subject experts. The video lectures are uploaded under the nemesis of IIT-PAL on Youtube.

The video lectures are available under playlists made for various topics of Class XI and XII with lectures duration ranging from 45 minutes to 1 hour for a single topic. To access these lectures follow the steps below-

  1. Go to the official website of NTA – nta.ac.in
  2. Click on the ‘Students’ tab.
  3. Click on ‘Content Based Lectures’ under Test Practice Center.
  4. Once the new page loads, click on Biology which will direct you to the Youtube Page.
  5. Alternatively, students can also search for IIT-PAL Biology lectures on Youtube on their mobile phone or tablet.

NEET Previous Year Question Papers

If a student is unable to find the right source for NEET Previous Year Question Papers, he/she can always refer to the NTA Website which also provides old question papers of almost every examination.

To download NEET Previous Year Question Papers-

  1. Head over to www.nta.ac.in
  2. Click on the ‘Downloads’ tab
  3. Now, in this new page, look for Previous Year Question Papers
  4. Choose the year and the exam as NEET.
  5. List of available papers will be populated.
  6. Click on Download Link to save the PDF of question papers.

NTA Free Mock Tests for NEET Biology Syllabus

NTA has provided free mock tests for NEET Biology as well as other subjects from NEET. Aspirants can attempt these mocks at the comfort of their homes. A stable internet connection will be required along with a compatible browser such as Google Chrome or Microsoft Edge. The NTA mock tests are available section-wise which helps students focus on a particular topic.

To access mock tests follow steps below-

  1. Head to – www.nta.ac.in
  2. Click on the ‘Students’ tab
  3. Select Mock Test under Test Practice section.
  4. Now choose the exam you are appearing for and select the section you wish to attempt.
  5. Start the mock test.

Check Complete NEET 2020 Preparation Tips

Best Books For NEET Biology Syllabus

In order to get an edge in your final performance in the exam, you must work with some best books. There are books that must be referred to specific topics and books that can be used as MCQ reference manuals. Reading NEET topics is helpful as it saves time and prepares you for the important topics.

Just keep one thing in mind, study limited books as too many books can create confusion. Follow books which follow the latest NEET Biology syllabus of the year 2020.

Given below are some of the suggested books for NEET Biology Syllabus along with their publisher-

Book name Publisher ISBN
Objective NCERT at your Fingertips for NEET-AIIMS – Biology MTG Learning Media (P) Limited 938656193X
Trueman’s Objective Biology for NEET Trueman Book Company 818722374X
NEET-AIPMT Biology 25 Years Chapterwise Solved Papers (1992-2017) By Career Point Kota Career Point Publication B01N9IQI7W
Master the NCERT Biology Arihant Publication 9311123862
NCERT Xtract – Objective Biology for Class 11 & 12, AIPMT, AIIMS, JIPMER, BHU, AMU, State PMTs 2nd Edition Disha Publication 9385576380
Objective Life Science (Plant Science) S. Chand Publishing 9352533674

The better you prepare for NEET, the better is your score and better placement in the college of your choice. It is important to give full commitment to the NEET Biology syllabus. The time allotted to this section should be merely 70 to 80 minutes, giving equal time to both Zoology and Botany sections independently. Biology requires direct knowledge and lease calculations. The quickest way to complete the NEET Biology section is not spending time thinking about a question. In Biology, facts do not work on logic, hence, you either know the answer or you don’t. There is no way you can ‘solve’ the answer in Biology. So, open your books and start learning!

NEET 2020 Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme, No. of questions and Detailed Analysis

NTA has released the NEET Exam pattern on its official website. There is no change in the NEET 2020 Exam pattern. Aspirants who want to score high marks in NEET 2020 must read NEET Exam Pattern. Candidates will get information related to marking scheme, number of questions, exam mode, exam duration, etc. in this article.

From this article, candidates will also be able to check NEET 2020 Exam pattern. Besides, they can also check how the syllabus is divided into different sections and the important instructions at the time of the exam.

  • NEET mode of examination: NEET 2020 is an offline test that contains 180 MCQ questions of 4 marks each. The aspirants are required to complete the exam in pen and paper mode. First, the aspirants will get a rough booklet and then the aspirants will need to mark the code of the test booklet on the OMR sheet. In addition, the NEET candidates can also check the official exam pattern.
  • NEET Exam Total marks of the exam is 720
  • NEET syllabus: NEET Syllabus covers the topics of Class XI and XII syllabus. NEET Syllabus is broadly divided into three sections: Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany and Zoology). For developing the basic concept, the aspirants should read NCERT as the text book.
  • Medium of NEET 2020 Question Paper: NEET 2020 will be conducted in 11 different languages. They are English, Tamil, Gujarati, Telugu, Assamese, Hindi, Oriya, Marathi, Kannada, Urdu and Bengali.
  • Marking scheme of NEET 2020 Exam: Candidates will get +4 marks for every correct answer, -1 marks for each wrong answer.
  • NEET Exam Duration: To complete the exam, the aspirants will get 3 hours time to attend 180 questions

NEET 2020 Exam Pattern Overview

Let’s take a look at some key details about NEET 2020 and its exam pattern:-

RESULT OF QUESTION IMPACT
Popularly known as NEET 2020
Conducted by NTA, MCI
Official website ntaneet.nic.in
Number of questions 180
Type of questions Multiple choice questions (MCQs)
Mode of examination Offline (Pen and paper based)
Sections Three (Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
Total score 720
Duration of exam 3 hours
Negative marking 180

Number of Questions and Section Wise Marks Distribution

In NEET 2020 exam, the aspirants have to answer total 180 questions. They will get 45 questions from physics and chemistry section and 90 questions from biology section.

Section No. of Question
Physics 45
Chemistry 45
Biology(Zoology+Botany)
Botany 45
Zoology 45
Total 180

NEET 2020 Exam Pattern: Detailed Description

NEET 2020 Exam Pattern

  • Mode of Paper: Offline (Pen and paper based)
  • Exam type: Multiple choice questions. Each question has four options; candidates have to choose only one option.
  • If candidate chooses Hindi as the mode of examination, he will get a bilingual question paper, i.e., both Hindi and English
  • In case he chooses a regional language, test booklet will be again bilingual. For instance, the mode of questions wilk be in both regional language and in English
  • Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Biology
  • Sections: Physics, Chemistry, Biology(Botany and Zoology)
  • Total marks: 720
  • Question Paper Language: English, Hindi, Tamil, Assamese, Odia, Kannada, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Urdu and Telugu

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NEET 2020 Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme 

Candidates can score +4 marks for each correct answers. There will be a negative marking. For instance, the aspirants will get deductedtion of 1 mark for every incorrect answer.

  • No marks will be deducted if the candidate does not attempt the question.
  • It is necessary to use a blue/black ball point pen to mark the answer.
  • NEET aspirants don’t mark more than one answer into the OMR sheet. It will lead you towards negative marking.

The following table will help candidate to know the impact of each type of result of question on his/her total score:-

RESULT OF QUESTION IMPACT
Correct Answer +4 marks
Incorrect Answer -1 mark
Not Answered 0 marks

NEET 2020 Exam Pattern: Language Option

NEET question paper will be provided in 11 languages. The default language is English. However, the candidates can also choose their regional language at the time of filling the Application form.

Here the table shows you the different languages:

HINDI ENGLISH
ASSAMESE BENGALI
GUJARATI KANNADA
MARATHI ODIA
TAMIL TELUGU
URDU
  • Candidates can choose their preferred language at the time of filling Application form. The aspirants cannot do any modification after the final submission of form.
  • Candidates opting for English language will be given question papers in English only.
  • Candidates opting for language other than English will be given a bilingual question paper. The candidates can choose English and any other language.
  • Selection of regional/vernacular languages is subject to their respective state limits. Language of particular region cannot be opted in any other region.

Options of languages, as per their respective region, are shown below:-

Medium Examination Centers
English and Hindi All over India
English, Hindi and Assamese Exam Centers in Assam
English, Hindi and Bengali Exam Centers in West Bengal
English, Hindi and Gujarati Exam Centers in Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
English, Hindi and Marathi Exam Centers in Maharashtra
English, Hindi and Tamil Exam Centers in Tamil Nadu
English, Hindi and Telugu Exam Centers in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
English, Hindi and Kannada Exam Centers in Karnataka
English, Hindi and Odia Exam Centers in Odisha

Check State wise Cut Off for NEET

How to Calculate NEET Score? 

  • The students will be awarded 4 marks for every correct answer. You will be deducted 1 mark for every incorrect answer.
  • NEET score= (Correct answers*4)-(Incorrect answers*1)
  • Normalisation method is used for nullifying the effects of varying difficulty level of question papers in different exam sessions.
  • Physics is the most difficult section in the NEET exam.

NEET Paper Analysis 

As per the analysis of NEET previous years question papers, the aspirants should go through the section wise observations:

Physics Paper Analysis

  • Most weightage carrying section in Physics is Mechanics
  • You might get 9-10 questions from electrodynamics
  • Most of questions from this section will be lengthy and will involve calculations
  • It is difficult to remember all the formulas. Hence, note it down in one place and read it regularly.

Pro tip: Do not leave the ‘Points to Ponder’ section at the end of every chapter. You should practice the examples of NCERT books.

Chemistry Paper Analysis 

  • Chemistry questions are moderately difficult sections in the NEET exam.
  • The aspirants might face more application based questions.
  • Last year, students had to answer more questions from class XII syllabus.
  • The weightage of organic chemistry is more than the inorganic chemistry. Approximately 16-17 questions are coming from organic chemistry.
  • Few of the questions are coming from two different concepts (together).

Pro Tip: The aspirants should give added attention for coordination compounds and chemical bonding. These sections carry most of the weightage. To clear your concept, read CERT thoroughly.

Biology Paper Analysis

  • Compared to the other two sections, Biology is the easiest one in NEET exam
  • The students will face 45 questions from each section, Zoology and Botany
  • Maximum questions of Biology are coming from NCERT. Hence, you should give extra attention to it instead of reading the reference books.

Pro Tip: Human Physiology has a high weightage. Apart from this, Genetics will be another important chapter. Both the chapters cover approximately 30 questions in Biology.

Check NEET Paper Analysis

NEET 2020 Section-wise Syllabus

The following tables highlight the NEET 2020 Syllabus in a detailed manner:

NEET 2020 Physics Syllabus

Physics – Class 11th Physics – Class 12th
Work, Energy and Power Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Properties of Bulk Matter Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Physical world and measurement Atoms and Nuclei
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory Electronic Devices
Laws of Motion Current Electricity
Thermodynamics Electrostatics
Oscillations and Waves Electromagnetic Waves
Kinematics Optics
Properties of Bulk Matter Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

Check Detailed NEET Physics Syllabus

NEET 2020 Chemistry Syllabus

Chemistry – Class 11th Chemistry – Class 12th
Structure of Atom Polymers
Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Chemistry in Everyday Life
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties Biomolecules
Thermodynamics Current Electricity
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids Electrostatics
Redox Reactions Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
Equilibrium Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acid
s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) Coordination Compounds
Hydrogen Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques d and f Block Elements
Some p-Block Elements p-Block Elements
Environmental Chemistry Surface Chemistry
Hydrocarbons General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Solid State
Solutions

Check Detailed NEET Chemistry Syllabus

NEET 2020 Biology Syllabus

Biology – Class 11th Biology – Class 12th
Structural Organization in Animals and Plants Genetics and Evolution
Plant Physiology Biotechnology and Its Applications
Diversity in Living World Reproduction
Cell Structure and Function Biology and Human Welfare
Human Physiology Ecology and environment

Check Detailed NEET Biology Syllabus

NEET 2020 Important Topics

To meet the NEET 2020 cut off, then you should prepare yourself by prioritizing the study schedule. The candidates should emphasize more on the heavy weightage sections. Find the following section to identify the most important topics of each subject:

Important Topics of Physics in NEET 2020

The most important six topics in Physics paper are:

  • Rigid Body Dynamics
  • Electrodynamics
  • KTG & Thermodynamics
  • Semiconductors
  • Modern Physics
  • Wave Optics

Important Topics of Chemistry in NEET 2020

The syllabus of organic chemistry has been increased and gained prominence compared to inorganic chemistry.

  • Coordination Compounds
  • Organic Chemistry- I
  • Chemical Bonding
  • Carbonyl Compounds

Important Topics of Biology in NEET 2020

It is known that Biology covers both the Zoology and Botany subjects. Most of the questions of Biology are coming from NCERT.

  • Excretory and Nervous System
  • Pollination
  • Photosynthesis
  • Digestive system
  • DNA Replication
  • Plant Anatomy
  • PAGE Theory
  • Endocrine System

NEET 2020 Important Instructions

Since NEET Exam is going to be held once in a year, Candidates are advised not to make any silly mistakes that can make them ineligible to appear in NEET 2020.

  • Timing of NEET 2020 is from 2 pm to 5 pm
  • Entry of the examination hall will start from 12:30 pm. Candidates are advised to reach as early as possible, so that no issue arises. If it arise by chance that can be solved within stipulated time
  • No entry will be allowed after 1:30 pm
  • The invigilators will check the candidates admit card and documents from 1:30 pm to 1:45 pm
  • The NEET Exam question papers will be distributed from 1:45 pm
  • Rough work will be done in the test booklet only. Candidate have no permission to mark on the machine gradable Answer sheet
  • Candidate must have NEET Admit Card, passport size photograph and post card size photograph to enter in the examination hall
  • There is no provision of re-checking of answer sheet

Instructions to Fill OMR Sheet in NEET 2020 Exam

  • To answer the question, the aspirants should fill the OMR sheet with the help of Ball pen. It will be given to them from the exam center.
  • Do not forget to mark the test booklet code on the top of the OMR sheet.
  • To do rough work, the students should use the space of the test booklet. You should not make the OMR sheet dirty.
  • You will not be allowed to change the answers in the OMR Sheet. Also, do not try to erase any information printed on the OMR sheet, otherwise you will get punished.

NEET Exam Pattern: Frequently Asked Question

Ques: What is the basic exam pattern for NEET 2020?

Ans: The exam pattern for NEET 2020 comprises of various factors given below:

  • Exam Mode: Offline (pen and paper based)
  • Number of Question:  180
  • Type of Question: Objective type(there will be four options for each question out of which only one would be the correct answer).
  • Exam Duration: 3 hours (10 am to 1 pm)
  • Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Biology(Botany and Zoology)
  • Question Paper Language: 11 languages English, Hindi, Tamil, Assamese, Oriya, Kannada, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi Telugu and Urdu.

 

Ques: What is the marking scheme for NEET 2020?

Ans: NEET 2020 marking scheme includes all the marking factor of the exam:

  • Total Marks: 720
  • Marking Scheme: Four marks will be granted for every correct answer
  • Negative Marking: One mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer.

 

Ques: How many answers could be marked for one question?

Ans: Candidates can mark only one answer for one question. Marking multiple answers can lead to negative marking.

 

Ques: Which color pen can candidates use to mark their answers?

Ans: Candidates can either use blue or black ball point pen to mark their answers. If they fail to do so, they might be disqualified.

 

Ques: How many MBBS seats are vacant in India?

Ans: As per the data delivered by MCI (Medical Council of India), there are 462 colleges offering MBBS and there are about 63835 seats.

 

Ques: Are there any changes made by MCI in the exam pattern for NEET 2020 examination?

Ans: No, NEET 2020 shall be conducted over the same exam pattern as NEET 2019.

 

Ques: For how long the result of NEET 2020 is valid?

Ans: NEET 2020 result will hold its validity for the academic session 2020-2021 only.

 

Ques: If a student has opted for Hindi or vernacular language in NEET 2020 Test paper, in which language Test Paper will be provided to them?

Ans: In such case, students will be provided with the test paper in chosen language and English. In case of any ambiguity in the distributed paper, English version shall be treated as final.

 

Ques: How many attempts can a candidate make for NEET exam?

Ans: On the proposal of Union Health Ministry, MCI now has approved to finish the number of attempts limit from 2020 for NEET entrance examination. There is no cap limit for attempts.

 

Ques: How many set of question paper will be distributed for NEET 2020?

Ans: As per the revised rules by MCI and supreme court order, there will be one set for question paper in all languages for NEET 2020.

 

Ques: What could not be wore for NEET 2020, particularly to avoid cheating?

Ans: Students are not allowed to wear shoes, sunglasses, full sleeves clothes, watches, bracelets, any sort of jewelry, saree and cap. They might get pointed out by the on-duty invigilator who can take actions as per the norms.

 

Ques: What is the minimum cut off percentile for candidates from all category?

Ans: Minimum 50% cut off is required for general category candidates where as 40% cut off is needed for SC/ST/OBC candidates to qualify.

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