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NEET 2020 Physics Syllabus: Important Chapters, Topics and Best Books to refer

NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is conducted for admissions to undergraduate medical programs i.e. MBBS and BDS. Since NEET (UG) is now the only examination for admission in medical institutes in India, the difficulty level might reduce. But to secure admission in a top-tier medical course, you have to prepare the whole syllabus along with NEET Physics Syllabus with utmost dedication.

There are 3 subjects that are assessed in the examination – Physics, Chemistry, Biology. NCERT books of class 11th and 12th for each subject are extremely important while preparing for NEET 2020. NEET Physics Syllabus is considered to be the toughest among the three subjects.

Read: Why NCERT Books are Important for NEET Exam?

So, what should be the first step to start your preparation? To begin with, aspirants have to know the syllabus of each subject. Even though the NEET 2020 syllabus is announced separately, it is still the same as 2019.

Overview of NEET Physics Syllabus

NEET Physics syllabus is directly taken from what students study in their NCERT textbooks. The Physics syllabus given below is always a recommended syllabus. Although the questions will be asked from these given topics, they might be a mix of two or more topics as well. Let’s look at the chapters of NEET Physics Syllabus.

Class XI

  1. Physical world and measurement
  2. Kinematics
  3. Laws Of motion
  4. Work, energy, and power
  5. Motion of system of particles and rigid body
  6. Gravitation
  7. Properties of bulk matter
  8. Thermodynamics
  9. Behavior of perfect gas and kinetic theory
  10. Oscillations and waves

Class XII

  1. Electrostatics
  2. Current electricity
  3. Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
  4. Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
  5. Electromagnetic waves
  6. Optics
  7. Dual nature of matter and radiation
  8. Atoms and nuclei
  9. Electronic devices

NEET Physics Syllabus: Topics to study

Class XI

UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement

  • Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.
  • Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant
  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications

UNIT II: Kinematics

  • Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in plane-rectangular components.
  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

UNIT III: Laws Of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion, momentum and Newton’s second law of motion, impulse, Newton’s third law of motion, Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion, Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

UNIT IV: Work, Energy, and Power

  • Work done by a constant force and variable force, kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
  • Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies), non-conservative forces, motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body, centre of mass of uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions, moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

UNIT VI: Gravitation

  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy, gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.

UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio, elastic energy.
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion, thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv-calorimetry, change of state-latent heat.
  • Heat transfer-conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and GreenHouse effect.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature(zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.

UNIT IX: Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature, degree of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases, concept of gases, concept of mean free path.

UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves

  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation, phase, oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant, energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies, simple pendulum- derivation of expression for its time period, free, forced and damped oscillations ( qualitative ideas only), resonance.
  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler Effect.

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Class XII

UNIT I: Electrostatics

  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges, superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell( field inside and outside)
  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graff generator.

UNIT II: Current Electricity

  • Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current, Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
  • Carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors, series and parallel combinations of resistors, temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
  • Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells, measurement of internal resistance of a cell

UNIT III: Magnetic Effects Of Current And Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot –Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loops.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field, moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole(bar magnet)along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole(bar magnetic) in a uniform magnetic field, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines, Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia- and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.
  • Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage, reactance and impedance, LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance, power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer.

UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Need for displacement current
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics ( qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

UNIT VI: Optics

  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Reflection of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
  • Scattering of light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane waves at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarization, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

UNIT VII: Dual Nature Of Matter And Radiation

  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
  • Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted, only conclusion should be explained).

UNIT VIII: Atoms And Nuclei

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiments, Rutherford’s model of atom, Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, isotones.
  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

UNIT IX: Electronic Devices

  • Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode, Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor, transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

The whole NEET Physics syllabus is downloadable and you can refer to the official document provided by NTA here. Or students can print this page using Ctrl+P and keep this as a reminder of the long list of topics they have to prepare for!

Weightage of Important Topics in NEET Physics Syllabus 2020

Some topics of NEET Physics Syllabus are more important than others as they are repeatedly asked in the past question papers. Some of the important topics of NEET Physics Syllabus are mentioned in the table below-

NEET Physics Important Chapters Weightage in NEET Physics Syllabus
Laws of Motion 15%
System of Particle and Rigid Body 14%
Thermodynamics 14%
Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism 12%
Current Electricity 13%
Semiconductor Electronics 12%
Atoms and Nuclei 10%
Ray Optics and Optical Instrument 10%

Physics Important Topics

What are the most important chapters of NEET Physics Syllabus 2020?

NEET Physics syllabus is vast, and it is obvious you cannot skip any major topic. Past year’s question paper for Physics had about 19 questions from the class XI syllabus and around 26 questions from class XII syllabus. So, it is essential to cover all the chapters that are mentioned in the official NEET Physics Syllabus for 2020.

Very Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus

Electronic Devices
Heat and Thermodynamics
Laws of Motion
Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism
Oscillations and Waves

Moderately Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus

Atoms and Nuclei
Current Electricity
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Electromagnetic Induction
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
Work, Energy & Power

Less Important Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus

Alternating Current
Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
Electromagnetic Waves
Physical World and Measurement
Properties of Bulk Matter

The major point to be noted is that the questions were mostly from the topics covered in the NCERT books based on the analysis of the last year question paper. Here the important topics of NEET Physics syllabus from which the questions are mostly asked in exam-

Number of questions expected from various topics

Topics of NEET Physics Syllabus No of Questions Expected
Mechanics 19
Electrodynamics 9
Modern Physics 7
Optics and Wave Optics 5
Thermodynamics 5

Chapter-wise difficulty in NEET Physics Syllabus 2020

Given below is an analysis of difficulty of questions bifurcated chapter-wise. As the table below suggests, NEET Physics Syllabus requires deep knowledge of each and every topic and the number of easy questions has completely vanished in the past few years. Considerably, almost all the questions in NEET Physics are moderate or tough. The major getaway from this is that due to a higher difficulty level, competition in NEET is saturated towards the top 10% to 20% of the candidates only.

Unit Number of Questions Easy Moderate Difficult
Mechanics 17 0 16 1
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 0 3 0
Properties of matter 3 0 2 1
Electrostatics and Capacitor 4 0 4 0
Current Electricity 3 0 3 0
Magnetism, Magnetic Effect of Current and AC 5 0 4 1
Modern Physics 6 0 5 1
Ray and Way Optics 4 0 4 0
Total 45 0 41 4

Download NEET Previous Year Question Papers

NEET Physics Syllabus 2020: Preparation Tips

NEET Physics syllabus is considered difficult due to confusing patterns and also because it includes a wide range of scientific principles and numerical problems. And even the top experts will not deny this fact. In order to cover the whole syllabus from 0 to 100, what students need is a strategy. Given below are some tips to cover the NEET Physics Syllabus 2020 easily, but do remember that these tips require strong commitment from your end.

  • Know syllabus and exam pattern – Learn about what is going to be asked in the examinations. Check NEET Physics Syllabus and keep a print out of it as a task list. NEET Exam Pattern helps understand the intricacies of the exam.
  • Focus on important concepts – The most important topics in NEET Physics Syllabus are – Mechanics, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrodynamics and Modern Physics. This is based on past year trends and almost 50-60% paper is set on these topics. Conceptualise these topics before working on other topics.
  • Remeber all formulae – Learning a formula is easy. Learning a whole book of formulae is pretty difficult. The core of every subject is the formula and students must maintain a short book for these and keep revising the most important formulae.
  • Practice old question papers – During the last few weeks of preparation, it is necessary to work on all the topics with equal importance. Practice is required in all topics and sometimes, traditional methods of learning suits the best. Use a pen and paper and solve maximum old question papers.
  • Create short notes – You must make notes of all the essential formulae, theorems and principles when you are learning the topics for the first time. This will help you during revision as short notes help in a quick go-through.
  • Practice with Online Mock Test – Take as many mock tests as possible. This will help you score well due to higher practice and also make you adapt to a computer-based environment. Moreover, mock analysis are available from each attempted test which will help you understand the weak topics
  • Work on weak topics – Prioritize on NEET Physics most important topics and then plan for the less important ones. Working on mock will help in knowing the weak areas. Various websites provide topic-based tests to practice on various difficulty levels.

Check NEET Preparation Tips

Best Books for Preparing NEET Physics Syllabus 2020

We have listed some important books to prepare aspirants for a strong base in NEET Physics syllabus. Remember that this list is not exhaustive. You can refer to other books too if you find them useful.

Book Author
Physics for Medical Entrance Examinations D.C. Pandey
Concepts of Physics H.C. Verma
Fundamentals of Physics Halliday, Resnick and Walker
Objective NCERT at your fingertips for NEET AIIMS- Physics MTG Editorial Board
Complete NEET Guide MTG Editorial Board
NEET 2020 Physics Guide- 5th Edition Disha Publications

According to a large number of medical aspirants and experts, NEET Physics Syllabus is comparatively more tricky and conceptual based. This is the reason why most of the candidates find the NEET Physics questions toughest than the other two sections. The NEET 2020 appearing candidates are advised to practice questions with the low to heavy calculations to improve their perfomance in the examination.