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Important Topics for NEET 2020: Subject-wise list along with Weightage Analysis

NEET is an entrance examination for admission into MBBS and BDS courses. As a national level examination, the level of difficulty is high. NEET 2020 syllabus remains the same as previous years. While preparing for the exam keep focus on the important topics from each section.

For a better preparation of NEET 2020, students should know the NEET exam pattern in advance. Here you will get the important topics for NEET 2020 which you need to prepare.
NEET examination follows a standard NEET exam pattern. It comprises of 180 multiple choice questions. The questions will be asked from the subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany & Zoology). The paper is conducted through offline mode only. Total time duration allocated to complete the paper is 3 hours.

The question paper will be asked in 8 languages i.e. English, Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Gujarati and Assamese. For every correct answer, 4 marks will be awarded. On the other hand, 1 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.

NEET is one of the toughest competitive exams in the country which needs proper preparation tips. All aspirants who are appearing for the exam should prepare all the important topics of NEET Syllabus.

NEET 2020 Exam Pattern

Exam Mode Offline
Exam Duration 3 Hours
Total Questions 180
Total Marks 720 Marks
No. of questions in each section Physics- 45
Chemistry- 45
Biology- 90 (Botany- 45, Zoology- 45)
Marking Scheme + 4 for a correct answer,
-1 for an incorrect answer
Type of Questions MCQs
Exam Language Hindi, English, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya, Bengali, Assamese, Telugu, Tamil, and Kannada
Exam Date 26 July, 2020

Each question contained four marks. Four marks would be awarded for each correct response, while one mark gets deducted for each incorrect response. Selecting more than one answer for a question led to negative marking.

Read More About NEET Exam Pattern

NEET 2020 Syllabus for Biology

Chapters from Class XI Chapters from Class XII
Human physiology Ecology and environment
Cell Structure and Function Biology and Human Welfare
Plant Physiology Biotechnology and Its Applications
Structural Organization in Animals and Plants Genetics and Evolution
Diversity in Living World Reproduction

NEET 2020 Syllabus for Physics

Chapters from Class XI Chapters from Class XII
Gravitation Optics
Kinematics Current Electricity
Laws of Motion Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory Electronic Devices
Work, Energy and Power Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Physical-world and measurement Electrostatics
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body Electromagnetic Waves
Properties of Bulk Matter Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Thermodynamics Atoms and Nuclei
Oscillations and Waves

NEET 2020 Syllabus for Chemistry

Chapters from Class XI Chapters from Class XII
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties Electrochemistry
Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solid State
Structure of Atom Solutions
Equilibrium p- Block Elements
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Chemical Kinetics
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids Surface Chemistry
Thermodynamics General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Some p-Block Elements Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Hydrogen Coordination Compounds
s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Redox Reactions d and f Block Elements
Environmental Chemistry Biomolecules
Hydrocarbons Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Chemistry in Everyday Life

Physics Important topics

NEET Physics Important Topics

Low Weightage Medium weightage High Weightage
Units and Dimensions Motion in one dimension Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating current
Work, Energy and Power Newton’s Laws of Motion Ray optics
Thermal Properties of Matter, Calorimetry and Kinetic Theory of Gases Circular motion Rotational Motion
Photo-electric effect and electromagnetic waves Heat Transfer Laws of Thermodynamics
Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity Properties of Matter and Fluid Mechanics Magnetic Effects of Current
Center of Mass and Momentum Conservation (Collision) Waves and sounds Current Electricity
Experimental Physics Atomic Structure in Modern Physics Semiconductors and Communication system
Oscillations Gravitation Classical Magnetism and Magnetic Properties of Matter
Motion in 2 dimensions and projectile motion Wave Optics

Chapter-Wise Weightage for NEET 2020

So, all the important topics along with their weight-age that can come in the examination are explained below:

Physics Weightage of various NEET Topics in the previous year question papers

Chapters & Topics Average no. of Questions from the chapter Weightage of the chapter and topic
Centre of Mass 1 1%
Gravitation 2 3%
Kinematics 1 2%
Laws of Motion 3 7%
Mechanics of Solids & Fluids 2 3%
Oscillations 1 3%
Units and Measurement 1 2%
Work, Energy and power 2 4%
Rotational motion 1 1%
System of Particle & Rigid Body 3 7%
Waves 2 4%
Kinetic Theory of Gases 1 2%
Properties of Bulk Matter 1 3%
Thermal Properties of Matter 1 2%
Thermodynamics 3 7%
Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism 3 6%
Electric Charge & Field 1 2%
Electromagnetic Wave 1 1%
Electrostatic Potential & Capacitance 1 2%
Electrostatics 1 3%
Current Electricity 3 6%
Alternating Current 1 3%
Semiconductor Electronics 3 6%
Electromagnetic Induction 1 2%
Atoms & Nuclei 2 5%
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 2 4%
Ray Optics & Optical Instrument 3 5%
Wave optics 2 4%

Chemistry Important topics

NEET Chemistry Important Topics

Low Weightage Medium Weightage High Weightage
Solid State Redox Reactions and Volumetric Analysis Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Metallurgy: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals Carbonyl compounds (Aldehydes and Ketones) Chemical Thermodynamics
Qualitative Inorganic Analysis Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties Chemical Kinetics
Practical and Environmental Chemistry Mole Concept (Some basic concepts of Chemistry) Alcohols and Ethers
Atomic Structure Amines and Diazonium salts P block elements
Nuclear and Surface Chemistry Haloarenes and Phenols General Organic Chemistry
Haloalkanes Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes Coordination Compounds
Classification and Nomenclature of Organic Compounds Chemical Equilibrium S block elements: Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals and Hydrogen
Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds Ionic Equilibrium Biomolecules and Polymers
Carboxylic Acid and its Derivatives Isomerism of Organic Compounds
Liquids and Gaseous State D and F block elements
Solutions and Colligative Properties

Chemistry Weightage of various NEET Topics in previous year question papers

Chapters and topics Average no. of Questions from the chapter Weightage of the chapter and topic
Organic Chemistry-I 8%
Hydrocarbons 2 4%
General Organic Chemistry 2 5%
Organic Chemistry-II 26%
Haloalkane 1 2%
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 2 3%
Polymer 1 2%
Alkyl Halide, Alcohol & Ether 2 4%
Aromatic Compounds 3 6%
Biomolecules 2 4%
Carbonyl Compounds 2 4%
Organic Compounds containing nitrogen 2 3%
Chemistry in Everyday Life 2 3%
Environmental chemistry 1 2%
IUPAC & Isomerism 2 4%
Practical Organic Chemistry 1 2%
Inorganic Chemistry-I 22%
Chemical Bonding 4 9%
p-block 3 7%
Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties 2 4%
Hydrogen 1 2%
s-block 1 3%
Inorganic Chemistry-II 12%
Coordination Compounds 3 6%
d-block & f-block Elements 2 4%
Metallurgy 1 2%
Qualitative Analysis 1 2%
Physical Chemistry-I 17%
Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry 1 3%
Chemical Equilibrium 1 3%
Ionic Equilibrium 2 4%
Redox Reactions 1 2%
Gaseous State 1 3%
Mole Concept 2 5%
Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 1 3%
Physical Chemistry-II 15%
Chemical Kinetics 2 4%
Electrochemistry 1 3%
Solid State 1 3%
Solution & Colligative Properties 2 4%
Surface Chemistry 1 2%

Biology Important Topics

NEET Biology Important Topics

Low Weightage Medium Weightage High Weightage
The Living World Organisms and Population Animal Kingdom
Mineral Nutrition Neural Control and Coordination Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Structural Organisation in Animals Anatomy of Flowering Plants Molecular Basis of Inheritance
Reproduction in Organisms Digestion and Absorption Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Plant Growth and Development Evolution Morphology of flowering plants
Respiration in Plants Reproductive Health Biological Classification
Strategies for enhancement in food production Biotechnology and its Applications
Microbes in Human Welfare Cell Cycle and Cell Division
Transport in Plants Biodiversity and Conservation
Excretory Products and their Elimination Biotechnology- Principles and Processes
Locomotion and Movement Human Reproduction
Biomolecules Breathing and Exchange of Gases
Ecosystem Plant Kingdom
Body Fluids and Circulation Cell- The Unit of Life
Human Health and Disease Chemical Coordination and Integration
Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
Environmental Issues

Biology Weightage of various NEET Topics in previous year question papers

Biology Chapters and topics Average no. of Questions from the chapter Weightage of the chapter and topic
Animal Diversity 3 10%
Animal Tissue 1 3%
Structural Organisation in animals 1 2%
Human Physiology 13 45%
Human Reproduction & Reproductive Health 5 18%
Origin & Evolution 3 10%
Animal husbandry 1 3%
Human Health & Diseases 3 9%
Plant Diversity 7 12%
Plant Anatomy 2 4%
Plant Morphology 4 7%
Cell Biology & Cell Division 6 10%
Bio-molecule 2 3%
Plant Physiology 8 13%
Plant Reproduction 5 9%
Genetics & Biotechnology 15 24%
Biology in Human Welfare 1 2%
Ecology 10 16%

Detailed paper analysis of NEET 2019

Let us see a detailed Exam analysis of NEET 2019, so that we better understand what to expect in NEET 2020.


The physics section is considered to be generally the toughest out of the three subjects. NEET 2019’s paper was of moderate level, with a lot of calculation-based questions. Compared to NEET 2018, it was slightly tougher and lengthier.

The weightage of questions in Physics was just slightly imbalanced, with 24 and 21 questions from class 11th and class 12th respectively. The paper had 19 questions from Mechanics, 5 from Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory, 9 from Electrodynamics, 5 from Optics and Wave Optics and 7 from Modern Physics, thus covering a vast spectrum of portions to study.


For NEET 2019, the chemistry questions were of a moderate level. Many questions were conceptual and application-based. The paper had 12 questions from Physical Chemistry, 14 from Organic Chemistry, 12 from Inorganic Chemistry and 4 questions from General Chemistry. Apart from that, there was a mistake in the question paper. One question didn’t have the correct answer choice.


Compared to NEET 2016, the NEET 2019 paper was slightly tougher. The weightage of questions in biology was balanced, with 44 and 46 questions from class 11th and class 12th respectively.

The paper had various questions, including 11 from reproduction, 15 from genetics and evolution, 7 from biology and human welfare, 4 from biotechnology, 9 from ecology, 11 from diversity in living organisms, 7 from the structural organization in plants and animals, 7 from cell structure and function, 6 from plant physiology and 13 from human physiology.

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Strategy for the exam

Have focus

First thing, if you are preparing for NEET, you should be mentally prepared for it. Examination preparation is quite difficult. You need to maintain a positive approach towards your goal. With the recent high levels of competition, students get easily get disheartened and start doubting themselves. It is important to just focus on your preparation and to believe in yourself. Due to the intensity of the preparation, it is very important to be ready to put in all the mental and physical effort required to clear the exam.

Stay on the syllabus

You should know all the topics in the syllabus for the exam. For this, you should check the syllabus at regular intervals, and then collect the study material for preparation. This will also ensure that you do not deviate from the topic at hand and study irrelevant material. Reference to best NEET preparation books and previous years question papers for NEET will go a long way into your preparations.

Time Management

Following a strict timetable as per specific syllabus and targets is very important if you want to complete the syllabus on time and also leave an ample amount of time for revision. Making notes of topics while preparing them would cut a lot of time during. You would thus solve more and more problems to discover more and more new tricks. Try to give more time to chapters and topics that you feel are your weak points. This will help you to perform well in the exam

Study with a group

Working with a competitive study group helps you successfully prepare for NEET. Group discussion creates a cooperative environment, helping you to multiply your knowledge exponentially, while also being a great way to have social interaction. Students can Quiz and challenge each other with questions from the NEET syllabus.

It should also be pointed out that study groups should be made with people who want to study. Make sure none of the people invited are a cause for distractions. Often one amongst the group will bring up irrelevant topics and cause everyone else to lose focus in their studies.

Take Mock Tests

One great way to assess your skills and knowledge is through mock test. You should start taking the mock test after you have completed all the topics and subjects. Ideally, taking a mock test a month before the exam makes more sense. That is because taking a mock test are there for practice and not for studying. Students can start taking the mock test before one month of the exam and two in a week will be a good number.

Previous year question papers

One of the most important tips and things to do when preparing for NEET exam is to solve previous year question papers. Doing so is of great value as solving previous year question papers have many benefits. It helps students to understand the exam pattern, the type of questions asked, syllabus and of course the complexity level of the questions being asked in the NEET exam. One of the most beneficial things about solving the previous year question papers is it enables aspirants to enhance speed, accuracy and have a strategy to attempt the question paper. This can help them attempt a full question paper when taking the actual exam.

Revision after studies

While preparing for any exam, revision is of utmost importance and NEET is no exception either. Covering new topics without revising the already covered ones will be wastage of time. Without revision, it is highly likely that students forget the concepts they covered in the past. However, devoting time and systematically revising them will students time that they need to invest on learning them yet again. The revision will also help you in increasing your test-taking speed and overcoming panic. It will also give you a clear picture of the topics you’re weak in.

Avoid beginning new topics near the exam date

If you are following this article, you know you should have a schedule for time management. Make sure to complete all your study topics a few weeks before the NEET. Please ensure that you keep the last two weeks only for the revision and for taking mock tests. Beginning new topics a few days before the examination wouldn’t help and might do more harm than good.

Avoid distractive elements

Distractions are to be avoided during NEET preparation days, especially when the exam is near. Therefore, keep your social media interactions like Facebook, WhatsApp etc. to a minimum. However, recently many social media groups have started offering some important exam tips. If you do plan on spending time on social media, you can check out such groups too.

Pay attention to your health

Don’t over push for studies, ensure you take rest and exercise regularly. Too many sleepless nights and improper food will take a toll on your health. Having a good diet is as much essential as studying. Your brain needs regular energy and rest to work and function efficiently. You must ensure that you get at least 8 hours of sleep every day. Apart from that, you also need to ensure a proper balanced diet. As the saying goes, “A healthy mind resides in a healthy body.”

It is only with practice that you gain confidence over topics that are asked in NEET. Practice can be done through Sticking to the syllabus and practicing NCERT books is the pro-tip to get a high score in NEET 2020.

Hopefully, this article helped you with your queries about NEET 2020 exam, and how to prepare for it. Keep these strategies in mind while studying, and also keep the syllabus for the NEET exam close by.

All the best!