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Only Medical Admission Test: NEET, SC Rules for Rejecting Minority Institutions’ Objections

The SC highlights the importance of securing transparency and merit recognition for the sake of student admission.

New Delhi: The Supreme Court has brought new regulation that there will be only one entrance test for medical admissions in India. Likewise, minority institutions, deemed universities and the other private colleges are also bound to obey the rule. Being the larger national interest, none can violate the rule set by NEET for students’ admission process.

As per the statement of Arun Mishra, the primary objective of conducting one admission test by NEET is to bring the education within the realm of charity. It leads to preventing several malpractice and corruption within the system, otherwise the deserving candidates would not get a chance to enrol their name for MBBS/BDS coursework. In addition, NEET conducting entrance tests is beneficial to eradicate the presence of intermediaries. Hence, no regulatory measures can interfere with the rights to administer the colleges in the name of linguistic or religious minorities.

Medical Council of India Act and Dentist Act makes various notifications and rules for prescribing National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET). It is considered as the general entrance test both for the graduate and post-graduate medical coursework.

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The main focus of the petition was to take away the right from the religious and linguistic minority for administering their business. In addition, for getting into the medical colleges/institutes, only the deserving candidates (even from the minority community) can own it, based on their academic standards. Nonetheless, both Vineet Saran and MR Shah did not find the importance of such a petition, in favour of maintaining uniformity and equality.

Moreover, according to constitutional rules and regulations under 19(1)(g), 30 along with article 25, 26 and 29(1), for securing transparency and merit recognition for admissions do not include minority institutions.

The Supreme Bench again highlighted that the Uniform Entrance Test is reasonable, which is conducted for qualifying the proportionality test. It prevents charging additional capitation fees from the students for admission. Hence, lower in merit students found the option of getting into the medical colleges by donating a lump sum amount. It in turn increased the commercialisation of education, profiteering and exploitation in the name of admitting into the medical colleges.

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Likewise the Supreme Bench, the Apex court supported and stated that for admission purposes, no more other entrance examinations are required. In order to take part in medical colleges, the students from minority communities also need to comply with the rules and apply for admission in MBBS/BDS coursework. Hence, there is no right for maladminister to derogate education.

In the same line, the Supreme Bench also lamented by saying that in the current era, education is devoid of the real character of charity and hence, turned into a commodity.

Previously, the evils of the system (who were intermediaries) wiped out the fairness of the admission procedure and indirectly defeated the merit of the deserving aspirants. Therefore, the regulatory regime by the NEET provides equal rights to the aided/ unaided minority and the private institutions. Consequently, the old system has broken and both the minority and private institutions will not get permission to conduct their own exams freely in order to admit the students.

The current and newly framed regulation can build the main aspect of education by allowing the deserving candidates to take admission and by preventing the undeserving or less meritorious students from minority communities (in the name of reservation) to get into the medical colleges. Since the year 2012, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh were in the list of other petitioners.

However, few renowned private colleges/institutes challenged NEET for doing protest against the new norm. Some of them are: Christian Medical College Vellore Association, AP Pvt Medical and Dental College Association, Annamalai University, Manipal University, Karnataka Pvt Medical, Kerala Private Medical College Managements Association, Educate Charitable Trust, Tamil Nadu Deemed University Association, Darus Salam Education Trust.