NEET chemistry syllabus is very vast and can be classified into three parts, namely- physical, organic and inorganic chemistry. However, this classification can be used for general communication purpose only, NEET 2019 covers syllabus for chemistry as prescribed in CBSE class XI and class XII NCERT books.
Students must prepare each unit well in order to perform well in the NEET chemistry exam. The best preparation tip is to prepare the top 10 important topics of chemistry before you start devising any self-study plan. The more time you allot to these chapters higher will be your score in NEET 2019 chemistry section. Not to forget, more the revision, the better is the performance.
NEET Chemistry syllabus:
- Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
- Laws of Chemical Combination
- Structure of Atom, Atomic Number
- Isotopes & Isobars
- Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
- Ionic Bond
- Covalent Bond
- States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
- Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
- Equilibrium in Physical & Chemical Process
- Redox Reactions
- Physical & Chemical Properties of Water
- S-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
- Organic Chemistry-Some Basic Principles and Techniques
- Some p-Block Elements
- Environmental Chemistry
- Solid State
- Band Theory of Metals
- Elevation of Boiling Point
- Chemical Kinetics
- Surface Chemistry
- General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
- p-Block Elements
- d and f Block Elements
- Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Physical & Chemical Properties of Primary Alcohol
- Phenols and Ethers
- Coordination Compound
- Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
- Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
- Amines, Cynaides & Isocynaides
- Chemistry in Everyday Life
- Cleansing Agents – Soaps & Detergents
Class XI Chemistry syllabus for NEET in detail:
UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
- Atomic and molecular masses
- Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules
- General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry
- Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry
UNIT II: Structure of Atom
- Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.
UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
- Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence.
UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
- Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond.
UNIT V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
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- Three states of matter, inter molecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behavior of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation.
- Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behavior, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature. Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).
UNIT VI: Thermodynamics
- First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution
- Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity
- Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction
UNIT VII: Equilibrium
- Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of PH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)
UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions
- Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers
UNIT IX: Hydrogen
- Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure
UNIT X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
- General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group
- Group I and group 2 elements: diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium
- Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses. Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca and potassium
UNIT XI: Some p-Block Elements
- General Introduction to p-Block Elements
- Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies
- General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides
- Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses
UNIT XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
- General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds.
- Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation
- Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.
UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons
- Alkanes: Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
- Alkanes: Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
- Alkynes: Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
- Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
UNIT XIV: Environmental Chemistry
- Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution
Class XII Chemistry syllabus for NEET in detail:
UNIT I: Solid State
- Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.
UNIT II: Solutions
- Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor.
UNIT III: Electrochemistry
- Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.
UNIT IV: Chemical Kinetics
- Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation.
UNIT V: Surface chemistry
- Adsorption– Physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.
UNIT VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
- Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.
UNIT VII: p- Block Elements
- Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
- Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
- Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
- Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.
UNIT VIII: d and f Block Elements
- General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
- Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
- Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.
UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds
- Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems)
UNIT X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, Optical rotation.
- Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT only).
UNIT XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
- Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
- Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
- Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.
UNIT XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
- Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
- Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.
UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
- Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses,identification of primary secondary and tertiary amine
- Cyanides and Isocyanides: will be mentioned at relevant places.
- Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
UNIT XIV: Biomolecules
- Carbohydrates: Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
- Proteins: Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
- Hormones: Elementary idea (excluding structure).
- Vitamins: Classification and function.
- Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA
UNIT XV: Polymers
- Classification: Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.
UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life
- Chemicals in medicines: analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
- Chemicals in food: preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
- Cleansing agents: soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
Most important topics/ chapters for NEET 2019 chemistry
|Topic name||Percentage weightage|
|Organic chemistry- some basic principles and techniques||8%|
|Chemical bonding and molecular structure||7%|
|P-Block elements||6 %|
|Aldehydes, Ketones And Carboxylic Acids||5%|
|Alcohol Phenol Ether||4%|
Preparation tips to crack NEET chemistry
NEET questions are generally simple, although the syllabus is wide, the questions are repetitive in nature and with a simple twist. Practicing regularly with previous year papers helps a lot.
- Practice! Practice! Practice: The key to success in chemistry section of NEET is practice, as the questions from inorganic chemistry are generally theory-based, so questions are directly asked on the fundamental concepts, sometimes basic configurations are asked, making it easy to answer.
- Time management: As you need to attempt 180 questions in 180 minutes, so 45 minutes time is allotted to every section. You need to be quick and wise in the selection of questions to clear the exam with a good score. This can only be done if the practice is done in accordance with the important topics list given above. The higher the difficulty level of the chapter, lower is the difficulty level of the question asked.
- Inorganic chemistry must be learned throughout the year: As inorganic chemistry has a vast syllabus and difficult structural diagrams, best to practice them regularly. You must learn the logic behind each statement as it is mostly theory. So you cannot mug up the concepts as it creates confusion. It should be learned in the form of small modules, which can be revised daily at regular intervals, best to click photos of the formulae and diagrams in your mobile and keep checking them regularly like facebook updates, so the impression is registered in your memory.
- NCERT is your X-Factor: NEET exam can be cracked easily if you are thorough with every line of a chemistry book. NEET questions are mostly asked directly from specific lines of a specific chapter, so try to by heart the concepts with line and a photograph of the page number and corresponding para. This way you can easily mark the answers, as soon as you see the questions.
- Reference books: As NEET questions are mostly based on simple concepts or theoretical, so, it is advised that you work with some good books that give you space for practice. MCQs from Arihant, Objective Biology by Dinesh. O.P Tandon can be useful for practice for physical chemistry.
- Last day preparation: Make a small pocket manual for yourself where you can keep all the important concepts handy, or a collection of information that can be used for studying the important topics at the last minute. Physical chemistry formulae can be learned easily with the help of this manual.
- Never try new things in the last few days: As the chemistry syllabus is quite vast, so you must prepare for it only up to the extent where you do not start forgetting the old things. This requires you, to follow a timetable and study things with some gaps and space, but do not learn anything new in the last few days, if you have not worked with it previously.
- Last minute revision: Revision is an important part of the syllabus, so just revise everything you have learned in the last few days, so that you are through with all the concepts. As the chemistry syllabus is vast and especially inorganic chemistry this may look like a mammoth task, but with right practice, you can easily do the same.
- Take care of your health: If you are healthy whole year, then only can you work on the plan devised by you for self-study. Maintain a healthy balanced diet and avoid overly rich food, oily, and leftovers, as they can upset your stomach. Best to eat small meals at regular intervals to keep your mind fresh.
Identify the best books suiting your study style and work with them at regular intervals, so that you are able to master the syllabus in the due course of time.
MCQs for NEET chemistry are generally not very difficult, except with a few exceptions. Students must stick to the time management formulae in order to perform best within the stipulated time period. Some good books to prepare for NEET chemistry syllabus are as follows:
Best books NEET chemistry
|A to Z Chemistry for NEET Class XI||Cengage Learning India Pvt Ltd||8131534200|
|Universal Self-Scorer Errorless Chemistry (Set of 2 Volumes)||Universal Books Depot||8193000218|
|MARVEL CHEMISTRY MCQ s VOLUME 2 FOR NEET (UG) AND JEE (MAIN) EXAMS||MARVEL PUBLICATION||8193371747|
|Objective Chemistry – Chapter-wise MCQ for JEE Main/ BITSAT/ AIPMT/ AIIMS/ KCET 2nd Edition||Disha Publications||9385576712|